Archive for July, 2011

Quality and cost of building a house. Estimates of construction and the real cost of building a country house.

The quality of construction work

Building a country house – a complex process that requires professional performers. Quality of construction has always been a burning issue, which is particularly exacerbated when this activity began to engage people without special training. Changed the appearance and customer The developer.

In the end, in addition to moral damages and the customer is considerable material losses.

Major companies are trying to be composed of permanent “backbone” of experienced engineers and technicians that provide the organization and supervision of all construction processes.

What can we say about the uncontrolled “samostroy” country houses with the help of hired laborers or young construction firms, have neither the experience nor the base or even an experienced specialist. Strength and reliability of their homes not care. There is a contradiction of interests of the parties.

Not only does it by talking about finances and everything begins. This is a gross error of customers, which in dalneishem leads to inflated estimates. Experience has shown that their costs often reach the amount in excess of the required one and a half twice.

Custom designing a country house

So spend a little analysis on the topic “so, how much can really be a qualitative development of individual project at home?” For individual design is not that simple. The price range for the services of architects in the Moscow region starts from 500 rubles / sqm and reaches up to 2000 euro / sq.m. Which of them is closer to the real price. And it depends on what you mean by the individual project at home. Our builders have shown such individual house designs, and that $ 100 / sqm there will be many. It all depends on what is included in the design documentation of the individual project at home.

First we need to agree on the size of the house, floor plans, facade design solutions. To work through these issues takes at least two – three weeks. Next comes the development of assemblies, circuits, assembly and load calculation on bearing elements of construction at home. This phase of work is at least 1 month and to address these problems involve a specialist designer. Further information is all project documentation in the general drawings and tables with all the necessary specifications. Total to develop the architectural and constructive parts of the individual project at home must be at least two months. Average value of an experienced architect in Moscow no less than 4000 rubles / day.

Select a model project at home

Buying a model project in the online store ready-made designs of houses do not recommend you focus your attention on the cost of the project documentation. First of all, you do not buy potatoes at the market, and project your future home, looking for their own benefit in 3000-4000 rubles without regard for other criteria (layout and facade solutions used building materials, etc.) you are doing very lightly. Secondly, there are many Internet scams that steal intellectual property of others (and any model project – is its author, to whom belong all rights to it) and implement it in an extremely truncated or incomplete kit, which is bad both for the builders, and for the developer. Since the legal and financial liability for copyright infringement will be personally it.

Estimates and actual construction costs at home

Definition of the real cost of building homes in current market conditions – it is very difficult.

By the old rules was estimated project organization.

Lack of a single regulatory framework of commercial pricing, a huge difference in skill level quantity surveyors have resulted in many forms and methods of determining the cost of construction.

Definition of labor-intensive methods of construction cost home

Here the foreman calls the amount of wages on the basis of the enlarged figure the cost of work for 1 m of the total area. Primitive method, but small amounts of construction works is acceptable.

Quality construction country house (wood frame)

Now we gradually gets to the very basic question, what is the actual construction cost of 1 sq.m. Home.

Build Time boxes at home on the draft AR 176-37 will be at least 3 months. Given that the construction team will be involved of 5 persons. Current indicators on vacancies and offers construction companies indicate that the minimum wage low-skilled labor force is not less than 25 000 rubles / month. Even assuming that you build a house these malokvalifitsirpovannye builders (which we you really do not recommend), the budget amount of wages not less than 500, 000 rubles. But these low-skilled fellow who has to manage and control that they still build something resembling a house. Even with this scheme we find that the cost of construction will be 740, 000 rubles. To be honest, that will build these comrades will not be home in the conventional sense of the word, but it is not important in this article.

Conclusion: The cost of building a box at home from aerated concrete project AR 176-37 can not cost less than 16, 000 rubles / sqm. A priori.

And the cost of construction quality boxes at home will be at least 18, 000 rubles per 1 sq. M.

So why very often in sentences construction companies, we see the numbers 11000-12000 euro / sq.m. The figure below 11 000 USD / sq.m. We do not want to even comment, it’s just unreal.

What is the developer can win, saving the construction budget? Device lite design foundation, the minimum number of load-bearing walls, simple shapes and roof of the house, simple plan – all of which can reduce the cost of building a country house by 30%.

This is the real minimum price of building a box house of bricks, aerated concrete and foam concrete blocks in 2011

Walls and partitions in the house

Outer walls of the house, we assume, will be made of concrete blocks 400 mm thick.

Overlap

In the project home two floors (basement and first floor). The volume of solid work approx 50 cubic meters will be You will need to formwork, reinforcement, waterproofing, concrete, reinforcement, inserts, expanded polystyrene.

Total costs of materials for devices of two monolithic slabs will be – no less than 350 000 rubles.

Ring anchors and reinforcing belt

When building a house of concrete blocks to anchor the device under the ring of concrete floors and roof system mauelraty. Same as that of a monolithic slabs, bearings, valves, concrete formwork. The volume of solid work on this project will amount to approximately 12 cubic meters

The roof of the house

Total costs of materials for device insulated with mansard roof will be finishing coating metal tile – 385000 rubles. Foundation

Subject to regulatory parameters we obtain the following value of the materials used on the tape device buried reinforced foundations: 635 000 rubles in prices of spring 2011. If we need a drainage device, the material cost increase by 200, 000 rubles.

Foundation walls + roof + = 1 904 000 rubles

We had a very approximate, a rough calculation that does not take into account the cost of fixing and mounting supplies, loading-unloading activities and the delivery of construction materials, so knowing the characteristics of the construction process, the cost of building materials can be safely increased by 10% at least.

Dreams Come True

Breath of spring all the clearer, the air warms up by leaps and bounds, already visible in some places land cover, which means that soon it’s time to active construction. And, as always at the beginning of each construction season, we have prepared a short memo to the private builder, who hopefully will help them build their country home with minimal problems.



Jul

29

Old coating will be an additional waterproofing layer – it will increase the reliability of the roof and in addition will reduce your costs.

Construction of plastic resistant to corrosion and easy to install, but the Russian climate with low temperatures and high snow loads can be destroyed. Set safest metal gutter system made of galvanized steel with polymer coating. To this drain visually in harmony with the facade of the house, many manufacturers offer them complete with a roof covering. In this case, the material and color of the assembly are identical. Replace or install a gutter and can be up to the snow in winter, for example, coating Ruukki «Pural», applied on metal gutters, allows operation at temperatures up to minus 15 degrees Celsius.

Icicles often occur because the heat passing through the poorly insulated cover, snow warms up and it begins to melt. To solve this problem, you can use roll or bulk goods.

Best way to prepare for that time in advance: if the process of care for the roof will not require much effort, and the occupants do not have to always wait for a “raid” on top of icicles.

Even using modern means of protecting the roof from ice periodically may need personal intervention of the owners of the house in the process of cleaning the roof. The fact that exposure to heat from the roof, it forms a thin crust of ice – in an effort to remove it using the tools, you can scratch the polymer coating of metal.

If you want to do is not only stylish, but practical and durable roofing – metal is what you need. These products are very light, easy to use and ideal for reconstruction of the roof of any kind.

Resistive Cables evenly warms the entire length, having the same temperature for different parts of the roof. When using a self-regulating cable, the intensity of heat on its various sites depends on the roof zones: the dry and warm places heat cable can be two times lower than on ice and meltwater. If the cable heating system arrangement, usually to the main heating, the heating zones include sections of gutters, drains, valleys, drip edge, the edge of the cornice and roof – that is, those places where the formation of icicles is most likely.

This snowy winter roof has been challenged. One can hardly find a better time to think about their repair or replacement than it is now – while still not died down drip.



Q – how to live and a place to live.

According to some respondents’ LOOK-real estate “market specialists, for such a long term return on investment in rental housing in Russia is easier to put money in a deposit account in a bank: profits today may reach up to 10% per annum, then there will be higher by almost 1.5 times. you can rent from May to October for 1.5 thousand euro per month in other months of the year – for 0.5 – 0.8 thousand city apartments with the situation a bit better – return on investment does not exceed 17 years. Average cost 1-bedroom apartment in Hurghada is 25-30 thousand Rent – about $ 250 a month, that is, payback would be 7.5 -9 years. C level of the Russian mortgage rates on such income can not count.

Here plus the other – in the value of commercial property, which is lower than in Moscow is almost 5 times.

An example of the relation of “money-house-money” can be illustrated by a 1-room apartments of 38 “squares». According to experts of company “Inkom-real estate”, in July 2011, the average cost of hiring an economy class one-room apartment in the capital of Russia was 28,2 thousand rubles per month, per square meter cost an average of 137.3 thousand That is, payback was a little less than 16 years. 1-bedroom apartments in new residential complex, a skyscraper next to the ocean (45-50 feet) is now the order of 130-140 thousand dollars. Money invested in buying an apartment in this country, back in less than 10 years.

Capital market experts believe that the main motivation for investing in housing is the hope for prices to “square». – But must take into account the taxes that are all over the world pay landlords in contrast to Russia. At present, the “old continent” is considered a good income in calculating the amount of 5-8% of the purchase price per year.

In other countries, as is easily seen by applying the most simple, “rustic” payback formula (the ratio of purchase price to the annual income from her rental), you can find much more interesting, “real estate” investment options available funds. Director of Sales of luxury real estate company Penny Lane Realty Alexander Zima believes that payback period of capital lease apartments range from 13 to 24 years, on average – 20 years, and luxury housing pays off more slowly than housing both in business and economy. This expert stated, “RIA-Novosti».

In addition to difficulties with hold housing in the form of a reliable tenant, expensive repairs in between, the property owner strongly beats and a tax on personal income (PIT). This cost can be attributed to almost all the costs of property maintenance. euro for 38 meter one-bedroom apartment (on average exactly one million rubles). According to the Cypriot company Veskip Properties, now in Limassol, 100 meters from the sea sold the 39-meter apartment for 62 thousand euro (2.5 million rubles), which corresponds to 1.5 thousand euro per square meter. rent such apartments can be in the 400-600 euros, which means that they can pay off in 8.5 – 13 years. «Catch” this “instant success” is not given to everyone, even a professional broker. Which housing and where payback faster – this is the real estate market experts say.

The most similar situation with the return on investment in property in Bulgaria. For example, in Varna cost per “square” in an average of 1 thousand rent is such an object may no more than 200 euros a month. Accordingly, the payback period is 15-17 years.

Return – one of the main criteria of any business and the acquisition of property – is also a business, with a very specific and complicated.

“You can see that even in developed countries – Germany, Spain or in the spa oasis cost per square meter is much lower than in Moscow, – says” LOOK-Real Estate, “the director of consulting company” System Communication “Gennady Ovchinnikov. This is why calculating return on investment and benefit from rental housing is difficult to because of its inaccessibility mass ».



Quality and cost of building a house. Estimates of construction and the real cost of building a country house.

The quality of construction work

Building a country house – a complex process that requires professional performers. Quality of construction has always been a burning issue, which is particularly exacerbated when this activity began to engage people without special training. Changed the appearance and customer The developer.

In the end, in addition to moral damages and the customer is considerable material losses.

Known that more than half of the detected flaws and violations of the permit performers, about one-third due to poor quality construction materials and structures, 5% – errors and errors in the draft. And only 10% – for objective reasons.

What can we say about the uncontrolled “samostroy” country houses with the help of hired laborers or young construction firms, have neither the experience nor the base or even an experienced specialist.

In the discussion of the cost of the upcoming construction of the house the main emphasis is not on the types and volumes of work, their organization and technology, and money. Not only does it by talking about finances and everything begins. Experience has shown that their costs often reach the amount in excess of the required one and a half twice.

The Civil Code provides for art. 749, which regulates the participation of engineers in the implementation of rights and obligations of owner-builder. This specialist may be invited by the customer or at the time of construction, or for the acceptance of individual stages of work, as well as to resolve disputes between the contractor and the contractor as a construction lawyer. Construction lawyer’s fee is negligible compared with the value of saving.

Quality construction country house (wood frame)

Now we gradually gets to the very basic question, what is the actual construction cost of 1 sq.m. Home.

Given the holidays, delays, weather conditions are likely during construction will be 4 months. Current indicators on vacancies and offers construction companies indicate that the minimum wage low-skilled labor force is not less than 25 000 rubles / month. But these low-skilled fellow who has to manage and control that they still build something resembling a house. This is a competent companion receives no less than 60, 000 rubles from the site – it is 240 000 rubles to the fund payment. This is a very simple scheme Sabbath-order.

Thus, the construction cost of 1 sq.m. Boxes are not the most complex home with the assistance of the most primitive of labor would be 16 105 rubles / sq.m. The total area.

And the cost of construction quality boxes at home will be at least 18, 000 rubles per 1 sq. M.

Here is 12, 000 rubles and above – this is a publicity stunt or a particular building or particular house.

Illiterate and unskilled construction of a house – all paid for the customer

Device lite design foundation, the minimum number of load-bearing walls, simple shapes and roof of the house, simple plan – all of which can reduce the cost of building a country house by 30%. In the general segment of the popular house plans, projects such trace amounts, so these homes do not have a practical implementation.

Analysis of demand of houses shows that good quality and construction of town houses may be carried out at the offer price of 15, 000 rubles / sqm.

Too understated the cost of building the house more often to indicate:

- The use of low-skilled labor,

- The use of poor quality and substandard building materials,

- Manipulating with construction cost estimates, contractor’s desire to further dilute the developer with the money

- Violations of building codes and construction methods of houses.

Custom designing a country house

So spend a little analysis on the topic “so, how much can really be a qualitative development of individual project at home?” For individual design is not that simple. The price range for the services of architects in the Moscow region starts from 500 rubles / sqm and reaches up to 2000 euro / sq.m. Which of them is closer to the real price. And it depends on what you mean by the individual project at home. It all depends on what is included in the design documentation of the individual project at home.

First we need to agree on the size of the house, floor plans, facade design solutions. To work through these issues takes at least two – three weeks. Next comes the development of assemblies, circuits, assembly and load calculation on bearing elements of construction at home. This phase of work is at least 1 month and to address these problems involve a specialist designer. Further information is all project documentation in the general drawings and tables with all the necessary specifications. Assume that participated in the drafting of two professional architect and designer.

Select a model project at home

Buying a model project in the online store ready-made designs of houses do not recommend you focus your attention on the cost of the project documentation. First of all, you do not buy potatoes at the market, and project your future home, looking for their own benefit in 3000-4000 rubles without regard for other criteria (layout and facade solutions used building materials, etc.) you are doing very lightly. Secondly, there are many Internet scams that steal intellectual property of others (and any model project – is its author, to whom belong all rights to it) and implement it in an extremely truncated or incomplete kit, which is bad both for the builders, and for the developer.



He noted that thanks to the Fund will be simplified procedure for separating the sections of this population: “We have more than 4800 young scientists working in the fields of innovation, many of whom are considering leaving abroad. A pilot project in this area – co-op for 210 scientists in the Novosibirsk region, in the village Kainsk Zaimka near Akademgorodok. Max active in this respect, the Savings Bank, algorithms with which to date the most clearly defined, and the Foundation actively cooperates with HMLA, VTB, Gazprombank and VEB, implementing mechanisms for public-private partnerships that are essential to intensive housing development in the country. This means that the transfer of federal lands housing and other construction to this point will remain exclusively in the conduct of the Fund.

During the three years since the founding of the Foundation “RHD” already involved in trafficking 340 Land total area of?? about 6, 500 ha, of which 120 sites passed the subjects of the Russian Federation. At the auctions provided 79 plots of land (2, 000 ha).

Until the end of 2011 it is planned to involve at least 50 sites that, according to experts, will provide the basis for the construction of another 4 million square meters of new buildings. Foundation “RHD” plans to engage a housing no less than 7500 hectares of land per year. Thus, already by 2014 in areas of the Fund will be erected at least 30% of all industrial and residential construction in the country. First of all, is a question of consumer qualities – the level of living comfort, incomparable with the life of the “skyscrapers”: “This is a fundamentally new quality of life and space”, – said Alexander Braverman.

Foundation “RHD” a lot of money to invest in the development of municipal infrastructure. In terms of construction is, in fact, New Beijing, only low-rise ». First of all, it is a social and transport infrastructure, from transport interchanges and car parks, finishing schools, kindergartens, hospitals and parks. For this purpose, the Foundation is spending huge funds from its own funds. For example, to create a comfortable living environment in the city Istra of Moscow region will spend about 1 billion rubles, 183 million of which has already been invested by the Fund. Fund was only 3 years and all the rules on our sites should be no more houses, however, they have already been built or are nearing completion in seven subjects of the Russian Federation – Kursk, Kirov, Tyumen, Cheboksaraskaya, Moskvskaya and other areas, due to the fact that we are reducing construction cycle for 35 %». A separate area of?? the Fund – is to provide developers access to a library of architectural design re- application. Cheaper housing, according to Alexander Braverman, will also contribute to the enactment of the so-called “Dutch” auction – auction in lowering prices.

“Affordable housing today – it’s an absolute reality.



External walls of buildings and facilities are open “to all the winds and misery,” so they are intended to cover should be resistant to such factors as precipitation, including acid rain, sudden changes in temperature, UV radiation, insect or microbial.

By the same coatings used in the interior must meet the different requirements.

In waterborne paints film former – the particles of different polymers.

M olekuly polymer in its structure similar to the long chains, and the “links” that chain may be the same, and different. For the production of waterborne paints are used as single-component polymers (homopolymers) – polyvinyl acetate (PVA), polyacrylates and copolymers – butadiene, stirolakrilovye. This paints based on PVA are vulnerable to water, butadiene dispersions have limited light fastness and are prone to eventually change its color, and acrylics are quite expensive. Using copolymers – a universal method of controlling the properties of dispersions. Correctly selecting a second component can be For example, to reduce the cost of dispersion without degrading its consumer properties. This is particularly true for paints based on stirolakrilatov and vinilakrilatov.

Also promising silicone paints are made based on silicone resin dispersions – they retain their elasticity even at very nizkihtemperaturah, which is important for Russia’s harsh climate. In addition, the silicone resins are well mixed with acrylates, so they are sometimes introduced into the acrylic paints for making them hydrophobic (water-repellent properties).

When you paint should be guided by its purpose.

Paints for wet areas

On the one hand, paints for wet areas should have a high moisture resistance, and on the other – to prevent the emergence and development of mold and mildew. The first property is largely dependent on the porosity of the coating is formed, so to reduce it this type of paint contains in its structure fewer pigments and fillers as compared to conventional water-dispersionnymikraskami (typical concentration ranges from 20 to 40% by volume).

Paints for children’s rooms

Volatile and aggressive chemicals are much more dangerous to a child’s body, rather than for an adult. All components of the paint tools used to work in areas where there are children, must be environmentally friendly, hypoallergenic and high quality.

Hygiene – first of all!

Paints for walls and ceilings

Means that position in the market as a paint for ceilings and walls, occupy an intermediate position between low-cost “ceiling” and the more expensive “wall.” Main advantage of such tools – versatile, the customer can save considerably by buying a large container of paint and painted it, and ceilings, and walls.

Ceiling Paint

Wall colors

The apartment walls are much more than the ceiling – this is obvious even to a child.

In assessing the actual flow is usually taken into account the number of layers, the recommended manufacturer of paints, as well as the allowable limit dilution means.

Decorative properties of the coating.

Ceilings – inaccessible part of the residential and public buildings, they are not subjected to mechanical stress, do not need washing. For the “ceiling” of paints and water-resistance strength of the coating is not as important.

Fillers for paints are powdered chalk or marble.

Gloss.

Before proceeding to the staining of the surface must be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease and moisture

Surface Preparation

Rules for the preparation surface – common colors for any purpose. Ignoring them would negatively affect the quality and appearance of the finished coating, and eventually a painful blow on the wallet, forcing repaint the walls or ceiling again.

First of all, the surface should be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease, and loose fragments of the old paint. The thoroughness of cleaning – a guarantee of durability of the coating! Sometimes it is enough to clean the scraper and a damp cloth, in more complicated cases use special tools – degreasing and washing.

Further refined base primed. Primer layer enhances the grinding surface and improves adhesion of subsequent layers of paint to the substrate. The primer can be applied to both the old and the new, never been subjected to surface staining.

In order to combat fungi and algae, and prevent their subsequent appearance, the surfaces intended for painting, are treated with special products containing biocides.

Now is only by following the instructions on the container with paint, apply it by brush or roller in one or two coats depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations.



Here plus the other – in the value of commercial property, which is lower than in Moscow is almost 5 times.

“No country in the world do not have such high prices in comparison with per capita income in our. This is why calculating return on investment and benefit from rental housing is difficult»

Q – how to live and a place to live. And most importantly – how long it drags on the process of returning spent on real estate funds.

If you do not take into account the difficulty with the delivery of housing for rent (seasonality, expenditure on repairs and maintenance, etc.), the picture is leased accommodation in the world looks so.

In Spain, a square meter on the coast now costs an average of 1.7 – 2 thousand euro in large cities, especially in the most expensive Barcelona and Madrid – 3 – 3,5 thousand euro. euro. city apartments with the situation a bit better – return on investment does not exceed 17 years. Today, however, these figures are quite arbitrary, since the real estate market is in crisis, and fell on landlords are not the best of times. Housing investments have always been the most profitable in times of falling markets, but prior to their collapses – as many financial experts say. «Catch” this “instant success” is not given to everyone, even a professional broker. At the level of narrow-minded investments in homes and flats look the “most beautiful”, but in fact they are not as profitable.

Capital market experts believe that the main motivation for investing in housing is the hope for prices to “square». Money invested in buying an apartment in this country, back in less than 10 years.

Return – one of the main criteria of any business and the acquisition of property – is also a business, with a very specific and complicated. rent is such an object may no more than 200 euros a month. Accordingly, the payback period is 15-17 years.

Latvia. According to the company Ekocentrs, which results in “RIA Novosti”, an apartment in a quiet area of?? Riga can be bought for 600-700 euros per square meter, or 23 – 26.5 thousand

An example of the relation of “money-house-money” can be illustrated by a 1-room apartments of 38 “squares». rubles. That is, payback was a little less than 16 years.

Faster residential investment pays off in Egypt and Panama. Average cost 1-bedroom apartment in Hurghada is 25-30 thousand dollars (about 700-850 thousand rubles). – But must take into account the taxes that are all over the world pay landlords in contrast to Russia.



Today I would like to dwell on that part of the floor, which is hidden from our eyes under the floor covering.

Underfloor

In some rooms: a bedroom, nursery, bathroom is not superfluous to the floor heating arrangement.

Of the primary screed is laid across the floor area, respectively, a special electrical cable or conduit connected to the system, hot water, and is already above the final screed.

Electrical flooring came from Europe, from the same ship and special cables. This is now removed: electromagnetic radiation of modern cable minimum and no adverse effects.

Water Heated floor, in this sense, more economical: how much do you pay for hot water, and many will pay more. Pipeline for water sex can be made of galvanized steel or copper tubing. However, it is best to use a solid metal-plastic pipe. In-piece metal-piping floor heating from a disaster You will be insured for 100 percent. Buckle

Lay before you tie the concrete slab surface is cleaned of dust and dirt. Perfectly clean concrete is impossible, so the surface is primed binders.

The technology laying flooring special secrets. For fixing parquet, laminate and ceramic tiles, there are special adhesives and mastics. Note the particular importance of drying screed for laying parquet. If you need to do tiling mezhplitochny seam width of at least 1 mm. A successful selection of such a joint hue only emphasize the beauty of the picture tiles.

This is, in general, the conventional technology prevailing at laying the floor today, but recently the market has a new material developed by German experts, who can make a small revolution – dry screed.

Slabs are stacked on each other overlap to overlap all joints and ensure the necessary rigidity.

Main purpose of the ties – even surface on which the plank floor. In the current manufacturing techniques for decades, plates, serving the bases for floors in production houses, made smooth with only one hand – one that would be downstream ceiling apartment. Even the layman is clear that this surface quality can lay no cover.

After this, the screed is applied waterproofing coating, and top – sheets of moisture-resistant plywood, thickness 10-12 mm.

This floor dries much faster than conventional clamps (approximately 10-15 days). Excellent floor of this made him very popular.

But the conscientious foreman repair firms often offer you more complex, combined version. Do this it to improve the heat, noise, and water-proofing quality sex.

In this embodiment, the primary screed – a concrete mixture, put a second layer of European self-leveling compounds. On a dual screed applied waterproofing of rubber or asphalt mastic, and it naturally plywood. On the plywood, in turn, laid flooring, laminate or carpet. (For ceramic tile plywood, of course, does not need ). This floor will cost considerably more expensive, but it has performance characteristics will be much higher.



Jul

21

The article discusses problems and peculiarities of acoustic space, as well as sound insulation device in an apartment on a “room in the room».

Everyone who has tried to solve the problem of soundproofing your apartment, it is well known, it is not enough to buy a sound-insulating material of the wall and oblitsevat. To protect against loud music, penetrating from the adjacent apartments, better soundproofing material oblitsevat wall with a neighbor, and not with his hand.

Acoustic device

Device “room to room,” starts from the ceiling. Usually mount one panel (the size of 1200 x 800 mm) required 12-15 screws.

Strengthen panels to the walls can be either wooden crates or directly to the wall. In the second case, the level of sound insulation slightly lower, but saving usable area.

After cutting soundproof panels PhoneStar the cut should be a special seal with duct tape Wolf Type.

During installation care should be taken to remain between the panels do not crack (small silicone can then be fluff).

When the whole room is lined with panels, the seams between them glued with a special tape Wolf Type, supplied with the panels, and then proceed to finishing.

The only thing you should pay special attention when working with panels PhoneStar, layering them. Part of the mineral filler panels in the form of pellets can be partially sleep after cutting. Therefore, place the cut is necessary to protect the tape.

Modern sound insulation should be not only reliable but also environmentally friendly.

There are two ways out of this situation. The most economical and efficient – to try to persuade neighbors to install sound insulation from them (dividing them or even taking care of all expenses.) And if you do not get – to make repairs in his apartment on a “room in the room».

Zvukaizolyatsionnye PhoneStar panel easy to use.

Because when you create a “room to room,” the most reasonable use rigid panels. The finest hard cover from currently available on the Russian market – is PhoneStar, produced by German company “Wolf Bavaria». They are equally effective against both air (Rw = 36 dB) and shock (Lnw = 33 dB) noise.

Room to room

Silence within them makes an indelible impression. In the room where there are windows and doors, to achieve the same effect is more complicated and Yet, if the sound-insulating material mounted on the floor, walls and ceiling, the level of protection from external noise will be quite high.



The article discusses problems and peculiarities of acoustic space, as well as sound insulation device in an apartment on a “room in the room».

Zvukaizolyatsionnye PhoneStar panel easy to use.

Because when you create a “room to room,” the most reasonable use rigid panels. With a thickness of only 12 mm panel PhoneStar best for soundproofing walls, ceilings and floors. They are equally effective against both air (Rw = 36 dB) and shock (Lnw = 33 dB) noise.

Modern sound insulation should be not only reliable but also environmentally friendly.

Room to room

Manufacturers of acoustic insulation materials often exhibit the effect of “room to room” for example, cabins made of noise absorbing materials.

Everyone who has tried to solve the problem of soundproofing your apartment, it is well known, it is not enough to buy a sound-insulating material of the wall and oblitsevat.

Acoustic device

The process of attaching the panels to the ceiling requires that the ceiling was made wooden or metal crate, which carries the sound absorbing panels with screws with large head. Usually mount one panel (the size of 1200 x 800 mm) required 12-15 screws.

Soundproofing the floor with panels PhoneStar also not be easy, it is important only to the floor was originally a flat and had no abrupt changes in altitude.

During installation care should be taken to remain between the panels do not crack (small silicone can then be fluff).

When the whole room is lined with panels, the seams between them glued with a special tape Wolf Type, supplied with the panels, and then proceed to finishing. Soundproofing materials can oblitsevat drywall, plaster, or if the thickness of the insulation has a value, just putty irregularities and covered with wallpaper.

The only thing you should pay special attention when working with panels PhoneStar, layering them. Part of the mineral filler panels in the form of pellets can be partially sleep after cutting. Therefore, place the cut is necessary to protect the tape.



Jul

20

It is hard to imagine a modern residential interior without windows. This is one of the most ancient materials, invented by man, is used today in virtually all elements of decoration. In particular, in recent years have become very popular to use the glass doors – beautiful and original solution for a variety of styles.

Technology

Frameless models are made of tempered glass with thickness of 8-12 mm. However, there are limitations in size. Wide glasses than 120 cm and 250 cm in height more difficult to manufacture one-piece.

Installation and operation

Thanks to modern technology the glass doors have acquired the status of safe, and are now widely used even in children.

Sheets for doors are made, usually made of tempered glass: before quench the product in the oven, it makes all the necessary holes and cutouts for fittings, because after the heat treatment, tempered glass can not be cut, and as a warp. Therefore, when ordering it is important to know the exact dimensions of the future product, which after manufacture is not fit the aperture.

Color schemes are various accessories: various kinds of steel, carbon fiber, titanium, copper, gold, and the use of Swarovski crystals and diamonds on the reservation. C Sliding design

Technical capabilities of today’s sliding mechanism allows to cover openings of up to 6 meters in width.

Engraving creates a contour image with lines of varying depth and width, whose faces are polished.

New Market – special hardware that allows a door 100% transparency.

Interior walls «Alstem» with stained glass «Amadeus», factory Alstem, Italy. Volumetric image printed on the glass of the new English technology using polymers

Types of treatment

In the trend – haytekovskom door designs, painted in bright juicy, even a “synthetic” colors.

O Between two clear glass inserts and colored mirror film, as well as exclusive fabrics and even LEDs. Due to unusual properties such interior doors and partitions are able to change the functionality of the room, transforming it in the open, then the private area.



Jul

20

If you want to do is not only stylish, but practical and durable roofing – metal is what you need. These products are very light, easy to use and ideal for reconstruction of the roof of any kind.

How else to secure the roof to the next winter? Resistive Cables evenly warms the entire length, having the same temperature for different parts of the roof. Obviously, that intelligent systems are more economical in terms of energy consumption. If the cable heating system arrangement, usually to the main heating, the heating zones include sections of gutters, drains, valleys, drip edge, the edge of the cornice and roof – that is, those places where the formation of icicles is most likely.

Perhaps we should take care to install additional safety features – special fasteners, catwalks and snegozaderzhateley etc. These options are usually available at complex ordering of the roof together with installation from one contractor.

On the attic floor insulation is laid on the outer wall, overlapping the vertical walls are insulated layer. In carrying out such work must necessarily take into account ventilation.

According to existing regulations gutters on the buildings should be located approximately every 12-16 meters, and the size of the gutters should depend on the area of?? the roof.

Winter period of operation is one of the most difficult for any of the roof. Best way to prepare for that time in advance: if the process of care for the roof will not require much effort, and the occupants do not have to always wait for a “raid” on top of icicles.

This contracting company is obliged to provide a guarantee, and often provide the maintenance of the roof. The best solution – to turn to professionals able to provide the full range of services from the exact calculation of the necessary materials and accessories to installation of the roof. Today, such integrated services have only a few leading manufacturers of roofing materials, including Ruukki.

One can hardly find a better time to think about their repair or replacement than it is now – while still not died down drip.

Even using modern means of protecting the roof from ice periodically may need personal intervention of the owners of the house in the process of cleaning the roof. The fact that exposure to heat from the roof, it forms a thin crust of ice – in an effort to remove it using the tools, you can scratch the polymer coating of metal.

In the standing seam roofing, trapezoidal sheet, asphalt shingles and metal roofing new coating can be installed directly on top. It is only necessary to check the status of supporting structures, the layer ventilation and install a new crate for fixing roofing sheets. Old coating will be an additional waterproofing layer – it will increase the reliability of the roof and in addition will reduce your costs.



Jul

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In which a couple of years’ a gift “from the officials must begin to crack. In the case of good luck to the scheme will extend to the whole capital. Per month throughout the year. On average in Russia for overhaul owner pays 1920 rubles (that area of?? the apartment – 50 square meters. What’s in this the amount of the share of regional and municipal budgets, and what – residents themselves to say no one has taken.

- In all of the annual government decrees was brought grim conclusion: major overhaul of the capital is made with disabilities – said Moscow’s assistant ombudsman, co-chair of the Moscow “Housing solidarity” Vyacheslav Humeniuk. The President was shocked and called an all-out test.

Check what is – even in the center of Moscow. Is it any wonder that the house on Academy Bochvar kapremontniki seized upon all the hands and feet!

The first bells in the meantime already have. The total amount of unjustified payments for accrued citizens maintenance, according to preliminary estimates, is about 1 billion rubles.

In the meantime, just renovated porches began surprises: tiles at the entrance to go cracked plaster began to crumble. If this is a porches, what vytvoryat in apartments? Frightened by the prospect, part of the tenants tightly shut doors to communal services. Public utilities, with support from the police, even bursting into our door with a grinder ».

Together with other residents of five houses on the street Academic Bochvar Suhoruchenkova victims “gift horse” from the state – the official government overhaul. Why pay Muscovites – for high-quality conversions or for past outrages, understood “MK “. For example, Eagle Materials prosecutor’s check the criminal case against the contractor, poorly performed the overhaul of an apartment building. In other words, the brickwork just hangs at any moment could fall down on the heads of passers-by. In addition, the contractor managed to analyze fire firewalls. «In general, after major repairs the roof of an apartment house is in disrepair, which can lead to its destruction and the collapse of the people”, – concluded the prosecutor’s office in the Oryol region.

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. The reason is simple: the local authorities in the pursuit of money connected to the work of affiliates, the is “their” contractors. Scheme and a simple run-everywhere – the territorial authority creates a “fake” HOAs. This, alas, a very popular scheme and in Moscow. The reason, as explained in the council – a government decree of Moscow № 1032-PP, according to which the overhaul to be at home, in which, “according to monitoring Moszhilinspektsii, there is considerable wear and tear structural elements ».

But other residents, meanwhile sue over defective overhaul (for example, one of the neighbors Suhoruchenkova warm, only four of the seven risers).

I remember in 1991 the city authorities undertook to overhaul apartment buildings, before responsibility for their content go to the owners.

However, officials successfully manage without the participation of the owner. «People from Guiza – very often former employees DEZov. With all the shortcomings, which reward close their eyes, “- grimly grinning Humeniuk. On the subject of poor housing for the Moscow mayor’s office recently prepared a report. «It was created without the consent of the owners, no meeting has not been,” – says Oleg Sukhoruchenkov. According to the law and is necessary:?? all decisions are non-existent organization revoked. – While residents are very poor housing, where the price of the question above, this load can not cope.

Suhoruchenkova went on principle – upheld the apartment. «It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. – Since we are warming ourselves heaters.” This family mockingly put up heating bills. This and legs grow cheap, poor-quality repairs. Still – the contractor must save: according to a State Duma deputy Galina Russia Khovanskaya, from 30 to 50% of the amount received from the state budget is spent on bribes. Part of the money, of course, swims to the contractor in pocket, and to work on the overhaul remains with Gulkina nose. MP recalls instances when workers repair just throwing in the middle and left, saying that the money allocated to the house, ran out. And the people then living with for years and subquality other defects. Imagine, for example, your car takes a known and who do not understand how to repair. Same thing with home repairs. Do I need to clarify that and to control for capital repairs is practically the owner is not allowed? ”

And this is before the full introduction of co-operation in the overhaul! Of what is happening in the regions where it operates more than a year, long affected the Fund for Reforming Housing. Officials said at a press conference, head of the foundation, go so far that “the repair of the houses do not gosschet ».



Concealed plumbing systems significantly transform the bathroom and toilet.

With Concealed plumbing systems, install faucets, shower systems, bathroom fixtures suspended, and for each type of equipment developed by separate devices. They should provide reliable performance plumbing leaks, easy to install and does not require frequent intervention in the internal (covert) zones. Market for these devices continuously improved replete with models, some of which are universal, while others, narrow specialization.

Viega Eco Plus

Installation wall-hung WC module (Germany)

B ydvizhnye lower supports are equipped with latches that prevent the spontaneous change in their position. If the angle between the walls is not equal to 90 degrees, mounting pads unbend, for a close fit to the surface.

We should also mention the ability to install two corner systems installation Viega in a single complex. They attach to each other and to the common wall, resulting in a robust design for two types of suspended sanitary equipment – toilet bowl, for example, sinks or a bidet.

B Flushing double – a small volume of 3 liters, large – 6 liters with the ability to reset to 7.5 liters.

A distinctive feature of the modules Viega – the ability to change the height of the toilet above the floor without the use of sliding bearings. To this end, the frame includes four holes for no pins (two for each of the standard distance between studs – 18 and 23 cm), and twelve – four on each version of the height (33, 35 and 37 cm).

Two other series – Visign for Style and Visign for More – were released in the past year, and immediately attracted the attention of specialists. The first are made of plastic, the latter – chromed metal, some of them – with the use of glass. Both were awarded prestigious awards in the field of industrial design – iF (one of the key design competitions in the world) and Design Plus (awarded to the most memorable products showcased at a major German exhibition of sanitary products ISH).

Concealed plumbing systems significantly transform the bathroom and toilet.

With Concealed plumbing systems, install faucets, shower systems, bathroom fixtures suspended, and for each type of equipment developed by separate devices. They should provide reliable performance plumbing leaks, easy to install and does not require frequent intervention in the internal (covert) zones. Market for these devices continuously improved replete with models, some of which are universal, while others, narrow specialization.

Viega Eco Plus

Installation wall-hung WC module (Germany)

B ydvizhnye lower supports are equipped with latches that prevent the spontaneous change in their position. If the angle between the walls is not equal to 90 degrees, mounting pads unbend, for a close fit to the surface.

We should also mention the ability to install two corner systems installation Viega in a single complex. They attach to each other and to the common wall, resulting in a robust design for two types of suspended sanitary equipment – toilet bowl, for example, sinks or a bidet.

B Flushing double – a small volume of 3 liters, large – 6 liters with the ability to reset to 7.5 liters.

A distinctive feature of the modules Viega – the ability to change the height of the toilet above the floor without the use of sliding bearings. To this end, the frame includes four holes for no pins (two for each of the standard distance between studs – 18 and 23 cm), and twelve – four on each version of the height (33, 35 and 37 cm).

Two other series – Visign for Style and Visign for More – were released in the past year, and immediately attracted the attention of specialists. The first are made of plastic, the latter – chromed metal, some of them – with the use of glass. Both were awarded prestigious awards in the field of industrial design – iF (one of the key design competitions in the world) and Design Plus (awarded to the most memorable products showcased at a major German exhibition of sanitary products ISH).



Cyprus. euro (2.5 million rubles), which corresponds to 1.5 thousand euro per square meter. rent such apartments can be in the 400-600 euros, which means that they can pay off in 8.5 – 13 years.

An example of the relation of “money-house-money” can be illustrated by a 1-room apartments of 38 “squares». rubles per month, per square meter cost an average of 137.3 thousand Rents for such apartments will vary between 100-150 euros, while return on investment will be from 14 to 20 years, which is close to Moscow’s performance or even slightly lower.

The most similar situation with the return on investment in property in Bulgaria. EUR 1-bedroom apartments of 35-40 square meters is 35-40 thousand Euro (about 1.4 – 1.6 million rubles). rent is such an object may no more than 200 euros a month. Housing investments have always been the most profitable in times of falling markets, but prior to their collapses – as many financial experts say. Which housing and where payback faster – this is the real estate market experts say.

“You can see that even in developed countries – Germany, Spain or in the spa oasis cost per square meter is much lower than in Moscow, – says” LOOK-Real Estate, “the director of consulting company” System Communication “Gennady Ovchinnikov.

Return – one of the main criteria of any business and the acquisition of property – is also a business, with a very specific and complicated. For the vast majority of foreign countries, this tax is paid not to the total income (that have gross income), as in Russia, and the difference between revenues and expenditures (ie net income). The lease is for rent by 1.2 – 1.5 thousand dollars a month. Money invested in buying an apartment in this country, back in less than 10 years. – But must take into account the taxes that are all over the world pay landlords in contrast to Russia. Tax on rental housing is equated in Europe, such as income, so can “eat” up to 20% from those obtained from the sums collected from housing.

In Spain, a square meter on the coast now costs an average of 1.7 – 2 thousand euro in large cities, especially in the most expensive Barcelona and Madrid – 3 – 3,5 thousand euro. villa near the sea costs about 300-350 thousand € (200-250 square feet). Return home is about 22-24 years. city apartments with the situation a bit better – return on investment does not exceed 17 years. Today, however, these figures are quite arbitrary, since the real estate market is in crisis, and fell on landlords are not the best of times.

It might seem like everything is simple – to save money, buy an apartment house under construction, to make repairs, rent, and – all. Next in the fantasies of most people who do not have such opportunities, draw pictures of palm trees, oceans and other joys of life for rent account. Q – how to live and a place to live.

This is why calculating return on investment and benefit from rental housing is difficult» In Europe, many earn their living by playing on the difference between the cost of mortgages obtained for the acquisition of property and income derived from its lease. C level of the Russian mortgage rates on such income can not count.

Faster residential investment pays off in Egypt and Panama. Average cost 1-bedroom apartment in Hurghada is 25-30 thousand dollars (about 700-850 thousand rubles). Rent – about $ 250 a month, that is, payback would be 7.5 -9 years.



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