Archive for June, 2011

“No country in the world do not have such high prices in comparison with per capita income in our.

Latvia. According to the company Ekocentrs, which results in “RIA Novosti”, an apartment in a quiet area of?? Riga can be bought for 600-700 euros per square meter, or 23 – 26.5 thousand Rents for such apartments will vary between 100-150 euros, while return on investment will be from 14 to 20 years, which is close to Moscow’s performance or even slightly lower. «Catch” this “instant success” is not given to everyone, even a professional broker. At the level of narrow-minded investments in homes and flats look the “most beautiful”, but in fact they are not as profitable. Which housing and where payback faster – this is the real estate market experts say.

In other countries, as is easily seen by applying the most simple, “rustic” payback formula (the ratio of purchase price to the annual income from her rental), you can find much more interesting, “real estate” investment options available funds.

Faster residential investment pays off in Egypt and Panama. Rent – about $ 250 a month, that is, payback would be 7.5 -9 years.

Here plus the other – in the value of commercial property, which is lower than in Moscow is almost 5 times.

Return – one of the main criteria of any business and the acquisition of property – is also a business, with a very specific and complicated.

Director, Department of Residential Property Chesterton Ekaterina Thain in an interview, “RIA Novosti” reported another curious and sad because of its lack of detail in Russia. base is very simple – very low mortgage rates – at 3.5 – 4.5% per annum. – Of course, housing in the capital is always expensive and more expensive than anywhere else, but in no other country has no such high prices in comparison with per capita income in our.

According to specialists IntermarkSavills, buying a home in Moscow, followed by handing it out – not the most profitable investment of their funds, as it takes on average about 27 years. rent is such an object may no more than 200 euros a month. And most importantly – how long it drags on the process of returning spent on real estate funds.

An example of the relation of “money-house-money” can be illustrated by a 1-room apartments of 38 “squares». rubles per month, per square meter cost an average of 137.3 thousand Plans to profit from renting it out are only those who have not invested in their own apartments, “real” money, and received a legacy of housing or as a result of greater exchange of apartments for less, gained.

Cyprus. euro per square meter. rent such apartments can be in the 400-600 euros, which means that they can pay off in 8.5 – 13 years. 1-bedroom apartments in new residential complex, a skyscraper next to the ocean (45-50 feet) is now the order of 130-140 thousand dollars. Totally at home really earn around 14-16 thousand EUR, excluding taxes. Return home is about 22-24 years. city apartments with the situation a bit better – return on investment does not exceed 17 years.



Return – one of the main criteria of any business and the acquisition of property – is also a business, with a very specific and complicated. euro for 38 meter one-bedroom apartment (on average exactly one million rubles).

Here plus the other – in the value of commercial property, which is lower than in Moscow is almost 5 times.

“You can see that even in developed countries – Germany, Spain or in the spa oasis cost per square meter is much lower than in Moscow, – says” LOOK-Real Estate, “the director of consulting company” System Communication “Gennady Ovchinnikov. This is why calculating return on investment and benefit from rental housing is difficult to because of its inaccessibility mass ». According to experts of company “Inkom-real estate”, in July 2011, the average cost of hiring an economy class one-room apartment in the capital of Russia was 28,2 thousand rubles. That is, payback was a little less than 16 years. C level of the Russian mortgage rates on such income can not count. «Catch” this “instant success” is not given to everyone, even a professional broker.

villa near the sea costs about 300-350 thousand € (200-250 square feet). euro. Return home is about 22-24 years. city apartments with the situation a bit better – return on investment does not exceed 17 years. Today, however, these figures are quite arbitrary, since the real estate market is in crisis, and fell on landlords are not the best of times.

“Of course, the starting point is the cost per square meter – says” LOOK-Real Estate “CEO of the consulting agency” B Thus, on average, we can say that the apartments in Germany, Holland, Belgium, Austria, France pays off for 14-17 years ». Rent – about $ 250 a month, that is, payback would be 7.5 -9 years. Next in the fantasies of most people who do not have such opportunities, draw pictures of palm trees, oceans and other joys of life for rent account. And most importantly – how long it drags on the process of returning spent on real estate funds. This cost can be attributed to almost all the costs of property maintenance.

The most similar situation with the return on investment in property in Bulgaria. For example, in Varna cost per “square” in an average of 1 thousand EUR 1-bedroom apartments of 35-40 square meters is 35-40 thousand Euro (about 1.4 – 1.6 million rubles). Accordingly, the payback period is 15-17 years. Money invested in buying an apartment in this country, back in less than 10 years.

Cyprus.



Application of dye spray formulations is still not very common technique in conducting internal and external finishing works.

Before painting a better test spray on a piece of paper – it will help you determine how hard spraying and find the best distance and angle. Then you can apply a little paint on a hidden part of the subject – or the wrong side of the corner – to see how the paint lies on the surface of your choice.

Paint in several layers – this is much more effective than applying one thick layer, because it allows more even paint over the surface and to avoid any leakage. The best option you can consider painting two or three thin, overlapping each other layer – it is better if You will apply them in different directions: one layer from right to left, the other – from the top down, etc. Make sure the paint is applied evenly without too pale or densely-stained sections. If you applied the paint with spray gun, airbrush or another tool with interchangeable parts – need to clean the nozzles, nozzles, hoses and other parts of the paint, because it Drying may be damaged. Object surface be coated must be cleaned of any dirt and dust, wood and metal objects should also cover the primer. This is necessary in order to paint a better lie down and / or taken the necessary texture.

There Airless spray dyes, for example, electrostatic spraying, or spraying high pressure.

Apply the paint fast, but smooth movements from side to side, in any case do not stop and let the stream to concentrate at one point. Paint used in aerosol cans and air brush – much less dense than ordinary paints, intended for application by brush or roller, so spray it too thick layer quickly formed drops flowing down and breaking the uniformity of color. If you use an aerosol – periodically shake it to mix the paint.

To date, the most common is the aerial spraying technology: separation of paint on fine particles using compressed air pressure (at least – another gas). The simplest example of an air gun – air brush, which is a tank equipped with a paging system and spraying.

When using sprays and aerosols must use appropriate protective equipment – respirators and masks.



External walls of buildings and facilities are open “to all the winds and misery,” so they are intended to cover should be resistant to such factors as precipitation, including acid rain, sudden changes in temperature, UV radiation, insect or microbial.

In these conditions fully meet the water-dispersion paints.

M olekuly polymer in its structure similar to the long chains, and the “links” that chain may be the same, and different. In the latter case, polymers composed of alternating fragments of two or more substances, referred to as copolymers. For the production of waterborne paints are used as single-component polymers (homopolymers) – polyvinyl acetate (PVA), polyacrylates and copolymers – butadiene, stirolakrilovye. This paints based on PVA are vulnerable to water, butadiene dispersions have limited light fastness and are prone to eventually change its color, and acrylics are quite expensive.

When you paint should be guided by its purpose. Paint for ceiling and wall paint wet areas differ markedly in their properties, composition and price.

Wall colors

Consumption. That value is determined by the opacity of ink, and hence its profitability. Most of the consumer for the convenience of the flow rate determine the number of square feet, which you can paint with one liter of product.

Color saturation obtained depends on the content of the paint white pigment: its more than, the more “relaxed” get color – but if a white pigment in paint starting small, the selected color will be cheerfully bright.

Paints for children’s rooms

Hygiene – first of all! O water resistance we have said, but under wet abrasion resistance is the number of passes with a brush soaked in weakly alkaline detergent (eg 0, 5% solution of sodium) required for the appearance of the first traces of tampering coating.

High quality materials meant in the sense that a particular component should correspond to 100% of its own chemical formula – the number of impurities that may be a hundred times more dangerous than the base material should be kept to a minimum.

Volatile and aggressive chemicals are much more dangerous to a child’s body, rather than for an adult. All components of the paint tools used to work in areas where there are children, must be environmentally friendly, hypoallergenic and high quality.

The children’s rooms is desirable materials that allow at least 5, 000 passes.

It is desirable that the walls in the rooms easily washed from the children’s “Art”. This coating must have stain-resistant properties. For the “ceiling” of paints and water-resistance strength of the coating is not as important. So, what should pay attention to?

Women who followed behind him, is well known to one trick – the face, powdered matte powder, looks younger, and is to appear wet shine, as clearly visible wrinkles, especially in bright light.

Color paint pigments and fillers impart. Classic pigment, a coloring product in white – titanium dioxide (TiO2) exists in two crystalline forms (allotropic modifications) – rutile and anatase.

Rheological properties – viscosity and thixotropy.

Paints for wet areas

Here they form coatings are characterized by an optimal ratio of water resistance, vapor and gas permeability. The second indicator is determined by the chemical nature of the film-forming substances, and the concentration and type of preservative used drugs (biocide), preventing the defeat of the paint film.

Paints for walls and ceilings

Walls – much more accessible area than ceilings. Accordingly to paint for the walls of considerable requirements.

Ceiling Paint

Before proceeding to the staining of the surface must be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease and moisture

Surface Preparation

Rules for the preparation surface – common colors for any purpose.

Sometimes it is enough to clean the scraper and a damp cloth, in more complicated cases use special tools – degreasing and washing.

Further refined base primed.

In order to combat fungi and algae, and prevent their subsequent appearance, the surfaces intended for painting, are treated with special products containing biocides. Same active ingredients, but at lower concentrations often found themselves in the colors.

Now is only by following the instructions on the container with paint, apply it by brush or roller in one or two coats depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations.



Jun

26

Meanwhile, co-financing major repairs in the run-in with might and main tenants of the regions, this year, as he wrote, “MK”,??an experiment worth 2.8 billion rubles in Moscow and began (the inhabitants of a hundred houses pay 5% of the repairs). But this is still estimations. If we recall the timing of the recommended overhaul (30 years), we see that each resident spends his order of 60 th rubles. In the capital, the average twice as high as 6 rubles per square meter.

Mighty pipes, meanwhile, threatened with death: contractor famously took me to their puny plastic. How to learn from the experts tenants, such tubes are more suited for country houses, but not for high-rise capital. In which a couple of years’ a gift “from the officials must begin to crack.

However, officials successfully manage without the participation of the owner. In the acceptance of home involved a representative of the state of the engineering service. Well, there are former and current employee of death metal – and Acceptance is at home successfully. On the subject of poor housing for the Moscow mayor’s office recently prepared a report. This text yet closed, but the main summary expert shared: lessons from overhaul from previous years in Moscow and were not made.

The story begins to resemble a detective.

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. This, alas, a very popular scheme and in Moscow. According to him, in the Central Federal District over the hill were withdrawn 25 billion rubles. The President was shocked and called an all-out test.

But other residents, meanwhile sue over defective overhaul (for example, one of the neighbors Suhoruchenkova warm, only four of the seven risers). On the repair of five houses had been allocated a considerable sum, he says, – 300 million rubles.

Having studied the Housing Code, “experimental” came to the conclusion: we must prove the “fake” HOA. According to the law and is necessary:?? all decisions are non-existent organization revoked. For the renovation of the house will have to pay. Is it the quality on it?

Family of the Moscow region Suhoruchenkova Shchukino terror prepares for his third winter in an apartment, cut off from the heating system. “Our business is stuck in the courts – can not find any contractor or organization that coordinated the renovation,” – says Oleg head of the family. Overhaul soon cease to be a disaster, officials have promised: yet would return, he will hit our purses. Why pay Muscovites – for high-quality conversions or for past outrages, understood “MK “. Including overstating the value of work – 13.2 million rubles, breach of contract – 3.7 million rubles ». For example, Eagle Materials prosecutor’s check the criminal case against the contractor, poorly performed the overhaul of an apartment building. In other words, the brickwork just hangs at any moment could fall down on the heads of passers-by.

The first bells in the meantime already have. For example, according to numerous complaints from citizens Dorogomilovskaya Interdistrict Prosecutor’s Office conducted an audit of one of the GUP, serving 250 apartment buildings.

- Set egregious cases: for example, won the tender for the repair company that has which, as it turned out later, no one working! Then, repairs are pow-boo-boo, guest-worker hands. Or do not at all. In council and district Shchukino Guiza put them just before the fact: “Your homeowners houses decided to initiate repairs».

But “disaster” to the surprise of residents, continued. The reason, as explained in the council – a government decree of Moscow № 1032-PP, according to which the overhaul to be at home, in which, “according to monitoring Moszhilinspektsii, there is considerable wear and tear structural elements ».

Check what is – even in the center of Moscow. Only Yakimanka during inspections revealed more than 40 fake, fraudulent HOA. And after disbursement of funds, these condominiums are usually disappear. The average home accounts for 22.2 million rubles.

If this is a porches, what vytvoryat in apartments? Frightened by the prospect, part of the tenants tightly shut doors to communal services. Among them Suhoruchenkova family, just before the invasion has made them an expensive repair. Public utilities, with support from the police, even bursting into our door with a grinder ». But in reality it was all over formality in the contest win no bona fide contractors and those who offer the lowest amount. This and legs grow cheap, poor-quality repairs. That is a guaranteed victory in the auction. Same thing with home repairs. Do I need to clarify that and to control for capital repairs is practically the owner is not allowed? ”

Nightmare at its expense

The state has no plans to ever pull on your shoulders deteriorating from year to year housing. This bill will be submitted to the Duma in the autumn session. If accepted, the question for 15 years, major overhaul of the country will be solved, says deputy director Vladimir Talalykin Fund. Rub.

Now, according to the mayor’s office, half of the homes in need of overhaul. The most important and burning question: Do we now get for their money quality repairs?

«It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. – Since we are warming ourselves heaters.” This family mockingly put up heating bills. Lawsuits filed Suhoruchenkova to DES “Shchukino” and overhaul the Department of the Northwest district, yet not led to nothing. He is not even in Desaix, which seems like 25 years, exploited the building.



Despite all the difficulties, in particular, the absence of a law on low-rise building, which unsuccessfully debated since 2007, the benefits of “maloetazhki” are obvious. Low-rise homes, most people perceive as second homes. low-rise building today actively develops not only in Moscow but also in other economically active regions. For example, in the Maritime region, we plan to invest over 1 billion Plans Fund build on their plots of 70% is low-rise housing.

One of the important factors causing attraction of low-rise suburban housing fund head considers necessary for the formation of a comfortable life environment. For this purpose, the Foundation is spending huge funds from its own funds.

Since 2012

The head of the Foundation “RHD” also commented on the recent amendments to the Federal Law № 161 – on the free allocation of land within the HBC for young scientists. One of the factors that can keep them – to create conditions for the acquisition of housing. A pilot project in this area – co-op for 210 scientists in the Novosibirsk region, in the village Kainsk Zaimka near Akademgorodok. According to Braverman, the Savings Bank went In an unprecedented move, began to finance the project before construction even started. Max active in this respect, the Savings Bank, algorithms with which to date the most clearly defined, and the Foundation actively cooperates with HMLA, VTB, Gazprombank and VEB, implementing mechanisms for public-private partnerships that are essential to intensive housing development in the country.

Alexander Braverman also noted that the Fund now “RHD” carries out its work in 83 regions, and this is only the beginning of the “big way”, as Prime Minister Vladimir Putin extended the emergency powers of the Fund until 2016. «We produce the best sites, which have warmed the heart” – said the head of the Fund, assuring reporters that directly deal with the construction of the Fund does not intend to, but will continue to create optimal conditions for the development of the industry. At the auctions provided 79 plots of land (2, 000 ha). B stage of development is a complex building 33 projects in 56 plots. In these areas, developed the capacity to build 6.8 million square meters of housing, including nearly 2 million square meters’ maloetazhek ».

“Affordable housing today – it’s an absolute reality.

Asked about what impact the Fund “RHD” today has on the housing market, Alexander Braverman, said: “Traditionally, the construction cycle, from land allocation to the introduction of a residential complex in operation is about 5 years. Fund was only 3 years and all the rules on our sites should be no more houses, however, they have already been built or are nearing completion in seven subjects of the Russian Federation – Kursk, Kirov, Tyumen, Cheboksaraskaya, Moskvskaya and other areas, due to the fact that we are reducing construction cycle for 35 %».

In projects implemented in areas of the Fund, the price of apartments and low-rise buildings below the average of 15% and 7 – 10% below the minimum price established Ministry of Regional Development. m

Significant reduction in cost per square meter of the Fund can be achieved through judicious approach to the complex development of territories. This concerns first of all, the systematic work of the Fund with natural monopolies, when summing of utilities to the sites originally put into the plans for their development, as well as the approach to urban development plans: “We set a density of development, subject comfort, which does not allow the developer to sell a large amount of expensive housing market». A separate area of?? the Fund – is to provide developers access to a library of architectural design re- application. All these measures significantly reduce the price and accelerate the construction. It is important that each region of the Foundation specifically looks for sites that are suitable for this housing, paying attention to, in what direction the city and the subject, which are engineering network, as well as whether there is effective demand (the activity of the middle class).



Shutters – the traditional method of protecting windows cottages

Shutters – a traditional, simple and reliable way to protect windows, however, it is suitable primarily for country houses. Unlike pradedovskih designs, modern shutters are generally metal. Shutters slightly more expensive than simple lattices, but reliable, completely cover the window opening and protect from intrusion, but also of breaking glass.

Do not forget one thing: if you close these bars absolutely all window openings in case of fire, the tenants at risk of being cut off from the path of salvation. Therefore, it is desirable to install at least one swing bars, locked to an internal lock. In an emergency, it will be a window through an emergency evacuation. Just make sure that the key to the castle was always next to the window, look for it in an emergency will not have time.

Tricks Installation

N pu invoice installation of shutters, as it were “framed” the gap – the guides are mounted on both sides of the opening, and box mounted on it. Overlay assembly is desirable to carry out before facing facade. In this case, you can even decorate box and hide the guides (in urban apartment buildings that, unfortunately, is impossible).

«Smart” windows

There are several ways to control shutters. Let us call them conventional “manual” “automatic” and “combined”.

Combination options that involve duplication of automation manual, more suited to the cottages. This safety net is justified, given that the electricity in the country sometimes there are interruptions. To control shutters has become more simple and comfortable, you can equip them with all sorts of extras. For example, a timer, which will give the command to close or open windows in a given time.

There is a so-called anti-theft accessories. Window, equipped with standard accessories, opened a professional with little or no traces of tampering. Usual set of accessories now has three such pins. Also included is an anti-theft striking plate.

K static, electric roller system is often associated with fire detectors. At operation of a sensor rollers are lifted, giving way to people and letting the smoke.

To clean shutters, experts recommend using a soft cloth and non-aggressive cleaning solutions.

Buying Shutters (even the most solid – steel or aluminum seamless), you must understand that their role is primarily to ensure that scare the attacker, to make him change his mind to go into your home. And if he still climbs, to create the maximum amount of his problems as noise, grind, etc. But, nevertheless, shutters – is not an iron door. Therefore, mechanical means of protection, which include shutters, it is desirable to add alarms, CCTV systems etc. Especially if the house is really there to steal.

Modern window protects us from the dust, noise, dust and drafts. But, unfortunately, it is not always able to protect the house from evil people – simply put, thieves and robbers. How to save the window and what is behind it? The easiest way – to protect it with a lattice – an ordinary, or “compound.” You can also use the shutters (not like my grandmother in the countryside, and modern). And finally, the most progressive solution is the installation of shutters.



Jun

18

I remember in 1991 the city authorities undertook to overhaul apartment buildings, before responsibility for their content go to the owners. Well, that’s okay, promise is made more previous command officials. The most important and burning question: Do we now get for their money quality repairs?

The first bells in the meantime already have. According to preliminary calculations, the co-financing major repairs will cost more in city dweller 1200-3000 rubles. On average in Russia for overhaul owner pays 1920 rubles (that area of?? the apartment – 50 square meters. M) per year. In the capital, the average twice as high as 6 rubles per square meter. «It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. Lawsuits filed Suhoruchenkova to DES “Shchukino” and overhaul the Department of the Northwest district, yet not led to nothing.

Or do not at all.

And the right to load on purses, “co-financed” at home sometimes threaten people’s lives. For example, Eagle Materials prosecutor’s check the criminal case against the contractor, poorly performed the overhaul of an apartment building. In other words, the brickwork just hangs at any moment could fall down on the heads of passers-by.

«It was created without the consent of the owners, no meeting has not been,” – says Oleg Sukhoruchenkov. B Khoroshevskoye district court tenants expected victory: Registration of HOA was declared null and void (and this was one of the first victories of Muscovites over the “fake” the superintendent!) So, now no major repairs will not be firmly established in mind the winners. According to the law and is necessary:?? all decisions are non-existent organization revoked. The President was shocked and called an all-out test. «Amazing” coincidence: as noticed by experts, a partnership created in those homes that are planned to subject an overhaul. A saw is that: in the last three years is allocated for the repair of 40-50 billion from the budget of the city. The average home accounts for 22.2 million rubles. Is it any wonder that the house on Academy Bochvar kapremontniki seized upon all the hands and feet!

Recently, state-owned corporation said that the right to withdraw from the regions up to 105 billion rubles – for obvious inconsistencies in reporting. – And the next, in 2008, after the monitoring commissioned by prefectural SZAO figures were others: wear any high level of 50%! »

In the meantime, just renovated porches began surprises: tiles at the entrance to go cracked plaster began to crumble. Public utilities, with support from the police, even bursting into our door with a grinder ».

In the acceptance of home involved a representative of the state of the engineering service. Well, there are former and current employee of death metal – and Acceptance is at home successfully. With all the shortcomings, which reward close their eyes, “- grimly grinning Humeniuk. So much so, that invented a treatment for Dmitry Medvedev and Vladimir Putin. On the repair of five houses had been allocated a considerable sum, he says, – 300 million rubles.

In which a couple of years’ a gift “from the officials must begin to crack.

Overhaul soon cease to be a disaster, officials have promised: yet would return, he will hit our purses. But in reality it was all over formality in the contest win no bona fide contractors and those who offer the lowest amount. Still – the contractor must save: according to a State Duma deputy Galina Russia Khovanskaya, from 30 to 50% of the amount received from the state budget is spent on bribes. And the people then living with for years and subquality other defects. Owner is not participating in the survey the state of the house – tehzaklyuchenie up without him. – A list of necessary work, it would seem, must approve the collection of tenants. So it turns out: I got married without me. Same thing with home repairs. Do I need to clarify that and to control for capital repairs is practically the owner is not allowed? ”

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. – In this way, accept, and the Institute for Urban Economics. Scheme and a simple run-everywhere – the territorial authority creates a “fake” HOAs.

- Requiring a 5 percent co-financing of capital repairs of the citizens has resulted in relatively good repair that house, – says Galina Khovanskaya.

But “disaster” to the surprise of residents, continued.

Nightmare at its expense

The state has no plans to ever pull on your shoulders deteriorating from year to year housing. If accepted, the question for 15 years, major overhaul of the country will be solved, says deputy director Vladimir Talalykin Fund. Price problem – 1.5 trillion. What’s in this the amount of the share of regional and municipal budgets, and what – residents themselves to say no one has taken. «Stop, why, we have There is no HOA! “- did not understand the tenants. Amazed Muscovites and the choices it has fallen on their homes – not worn, well-galvanized pipes.



Jun

17

According to the expert, in the process repair of the roof was dismantled brick masonry parapet, and the remaining part is now “in an unstable position». In other words, the brickwork just hangs at any moment could fall down on the heads of passers-by. In addition, the contractor managed to analyze fire firewalls. «In general, after major repairs the roof of an apartment house is in disrepair, which can lead to its destruction and the collapse of the people”, – concluded the prosecutor’s office in the Oryol region. According to him, in the Central Federal District over the hill were withdrawn 25 billion rubles. The President was shocked and called an all-out test.

How to escape from the corruption was presented the tender system of selecting a contractor. But in reality it was all over formality in the contest win no bona fide contractors and those who offer the lowest amount. This and legs grow cheap, poor-quality repairs. Part of the money, of course, swims to the contractor in pocket, and to work on the overhaul remains with Gulkina nose. Owner is not participating in the survey the state of the house – tehzaklyuchenie up without him. Do I need to clarify that and to control for capital repairs is practically the owner is not allowed? ”

Well, there are former and current employee of death metal – and Acceptance is at home successfully. With all the shortcomings, which reward close their eyes, “- grimly grinning Humeniuk. On the subject of poor housing for the Moscow mayor’s office recently prepared a report.

In the meantime, just renovated porches began surprises: tiles at the entrance to go cracked plaster began to crumble. If this is a porches, what vytvoryat in apartments? Frightened by the prospect, part of the tenants tightly shut doors to communal services.

But interim results of a pilot project in Tatarstan, where 65% of apartment buildings voluntarily entered into a mutual fund overhaul: “The Accounting Chamber auditors revealed violations of Tatarstan in the field of repair of housing Republic worth about 40 million rubles.

- Set egregious cases: for example, won the tender for the repair company that has which, as it turned out later, no one working! Then, repairs are pow-boo-boo, guest-worker hands.

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. The reason is simple: the local authorities in the pursuit of money connected to the work of affiliates, the is “their” contractors. Corollary – failure of the work (in fact “hidden”, not the eye of prominent not verified), technological disturbances. This, alas, a very popular scheme and in Moscow. This bill will be submitted to the Duma in the autumn session. If accepted, the question for 15 years, major overhaul of the country will be solved, says deputy director Vladimir Talalykin Fund. Price problem – 1.5 trillion. But this is still estimations. On average in Russia for overhaul owner pays 1920 rubles (that area of?? the apartment – 50 square meters. Rubles. «It was created without the consent of the owners, no meeting has not been,” – says Oleg Sukhoruchenkov. – While residents are very poor housing, where the price of the question above, this load can not cope. On the repair of five houses had been allocated a considerable sum, he says, – 300 million rubles.

But “disaster” to the surprise of residents, continued. The reason, as explained in the council – a government decree of Moscow № 1032-PP, according to which the overhaul to be at home, in which, “according to monitoring Moszhilinspektsii, there is considerable wear and tear structural elements ». Officials said at a press conference, head of the foundation, go so far that “the repair of the houses do not gosschet ». Is it the quality on it?

“Our business is stuck in the courts – can not find any contractor or organization that coordinated the renovation,” – says Oleg head of the family. Punishment for rebellion was followed immediately: the “opposition” turn off heat. «It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. – Since we are warming ourselves heaters.” The case of red tape, says victim of “a gift horse “first sought a contractor, who was not at the address, then – the organization that coordinated overhaul. « Lost “and a model project at home.

Check what is – even in the center of Moscow. The average home accounts for 22.2 million rubles.

Well, that’s okay, promise is made more previous command officials.

Elusive ‘benefactors’

Two years ago, fell to overhaul the tenants out of the blue. In council and district Shchukino Guiza put them just before the fact: “Your homeowners houses decided to initiate repairs».



Jun

14

Nightmare at its expense

The state has no plans to ever pull on your shoulders deteriorating from year to year housing. Rub.

Check what is – even in the center of Moscow. A saw is that: in the last three years is allocated for the repair of 40-50 billion from the budget of the city. The average home accounts for 22.2 million rubles. Is it any wonder that the house on Academy Bochvar kapremontniki seized upon all the hands and feet!

The first bells in the meantime already have. For example, according to numerous complaints from citizens Dorogomilovskaya Interdistrict Prosecutor’s Office conducted an audit of one of the GUP, serving 250 apartment buildings. The total amount of unjustified payments for accrued citizens maintenance, according to preliminary estimates, is about 1 billion rubles.

In the acceptance of home involved a representative of the state of the engineering service. Recently, state-owned corporation said that the right to withdraw from the regions up to 105 billion rubles – for obvious inconsistencies in reporting. – While residents are very poor housing, where the price of the question above, this load can not cope. Is it the quality on it?

How to escape from the corruption was presented the tender system of selecting a contractor. But in reality it was all over formality in the contest win no bona fide contractors and those who offer the lowest amount. Still – the contractor must save: according to a State Duma deputy Galina Russia Khovanskaya, from 30 to 50% of the amount received from the state budget is spent on bribes. And the people then living with for years and subquality other defects. – A list of necessary work, it would seem, must approve the collection of tenants. Imagine, for example, your car takes a known and who do not understand how to repair. Same thing with home repairs.

- Set egregious cases: for example, won the tender for the repair company that has which, as it turned out later, no one working! Then, repairs are pow-boo-boo, guest-worker hands. Or do not at all.

And the right to load on purses, “co-financed” at home sometimes threaten people’s lives. In addition, the contractor managed to analyze fire firewalls. «In general, after major repairs the roof of an apartment house is in disrepair, which can lead to its destruction and the collapse of the people”, – concluded the prosecutor’s office in the Oryol region. In council and district Shchukino Guiza put them just before the fact: “Your homeowners houses decided to initiate repairs». While completely around the buildings where the roof and flowing almost do not fall off the wall!

If this is a porches, what vytvoryat in apartments? Frightened by the prospect, part of the tenants tightly shut doors to communal services. Among them Suhoruchenkova family, just before the invasion has made them an expensive repair. Passions ran high, says Oleg: “People are pressed, threatened to Travel Abroad and promised various calamities. Public utilities, with support from the police, even bursting into our door with a grinder ».

But interim results of a pilot project in Tatarstan, where 65% of apartment buildings voluntarily entered into a mutual fund overhaul: “The Accounting Chamber auditors revealed violations of Tatarstan in the field of repair of housing Republic worth about 40 million rubles. Including overstating the value of work – 13.2 million rubles, breach of contract – 3.7 million rubles ».

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. This, alas, a very popular scheme and in Moscow.

Meanwhile, co-financing major repairs in the run-in with might and main tenants of the regions, this year, as he wrote, “MK”,??an experiment worth 2.8 billion rubles in Moscow and began (the inhabitants of a hundred houses pay 5% of the repairs). Per month throughout the year. Rubles. In the capital, the average twice as high as 6 rubles per square meter. «Our houses only some 25 years, and when Moszhilinspektsiya monitored depreciation in 2007, then decided that it was from 14 to 18% – one of the wonders” test “of tenants.

Mighty pipes, meanwhile, threatened with death: contractor famously took me to their puny plastic. In which a couple of years’ a gift “from the officials must begin to crack. «It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. – Since we are warming ourselves heaters.” This family mockingly put up heating bills. He is not even in Desaix, which seems like 25 years, exploited the building.

I remember in 1991 the city authorities undertook to overhaul apartment buildings, before responsibility for their content go to the owners. Now, according to the mayor’s office, half of the homes in need of overhaul. Well, that’s okay, promise is made more previous command officials.

According to him, in the Central Federal District over the hill were withdrawn 25 billion rubles. The President was shocked and called an all-out test.

But other residents, meanwhile sue over defective overhaul (for example, one of the neighbors Suhoruchenkova warm, only four of the seven risers). On the repair of five houses had been allocated a considerable sum, he says, – 300 million rubles. B Khoroshevskoye district court tenants expected victory: Registration of HOA was declared null and void (and this was one of the first victories of Muscovites over the “fake” the superintendent!) So, now no major repairs will not be firmly established in mind the winners.



Application of dye spray formulations is still not very common technique in conducting internal and external finishing works.

Paint in several layers – this is much more effective than applying one thick layer, because it allows more even paint over the surface and to avoid any leakage. Each layer must dry out to give before you apply a new one. Drying time depends on the composition of paint, but this usually requires no more than 5-7 minutes.

A nice way to paint small areas of surfaces – use spray paint in cans. These advantages include flexibility (suitable for coloring a wide variety of surfaces), there is no need to set up and adjust tool, low price and wide color gamut. Low-cost air gun can be bought for 500-700 rubles, the price of electric models starting from well-known firms 1500-2000.

To date, the most common is the aerial spraying technology: separation of paint on fine particles using compressed air pressure (at least – another gas). The simplest example of an air gun – air brush, which is a tank equipped with a paging system and spraying. Airbrush different types are used to create illustrations and drawings art, painting cars, clothing, and perform other paint work a small amount.

Too smooth or polished surfaces can also be pre-cleaned fine sandpaper or a sanding machine to process – of course, only if it does not spoil the appearance of the details.

When using sprays and aerosols must use appropriate protective equipment – respirators and masks. Remember: getting even a small amount of air and the colorful mixture into the respiratory tract can cause serious health problems.

Object surface be coated must be cleaned of any dirt and dust, wood and metal objects should also cover the primer. This is necessary in order to paint a better lie down and / or taken the necessary texture. Primer also prevents rust after staining.

More sophisticated and powerful kind of spray equipment are electric spray guns. They provide better performance and accuracy, many current models also provide the ability to control operating parameters – the geometry of the torch (jet ink mixed with air), by pressure, the amount of air in the mixture, etc.

Spray can be used to paint objects of any shape, including those that are difficult to stain with by brush or roller – for example, openwork, lattice structures.

The secret of the correct paint surfaces using a spray – the uniformity and continuity of movement. Apply the paint fast, but smooth movements from side to side, in any case do not stop and let the stream to concentrate at one point. Paint used in aerosol cans and air brush – much less dense than ordinary paints, intended for application by brush or roller, so spray it too thick layer quickly formed drops flowing down and breaking the uniformity of color. If you use an aerosol – periodically shake it to mix the paint.



Quality construction country house (wood frame)

Build Time boxes at home on the draft AR 176-37 will be at least 3 months. Given that the construction team will be involved of 5 persons. This is a competent companion receives no less than 60, 000 rubles from the site – it is 240 000 rubles to the fund payment. This is a very simple scheme Sabbath-order.

We see that the total cost of construction of aerated concrete box house on the draft AR 176-37, taking into account materials and labor will be: 2. 8344 million rubles. Thus, the construction cost of 1 sq.m. Boxes are not the most complex home with the assistance of the most primitive of labor would be 16 105 rubles / sq.m. The total area.

Conclusion: The cost of building a box at home from aerated concrete project AR 176-37 can not cost less than 16, 000 rubles / sqm. A priori.

And the cost of construction quality boxes at home will be at least 18, 000 rubles per 1 sq. M.

Here is 12, 000 rubles and above – this is a publicity stunt or a particular building or particular house.

Illiterate and unskilled construction of a house – all paid for the customer

Device lite design foundation, the minimum number of load-bearing walls, simple shapes and roof of the house, simple plan – all of which can reduce the cost of building a country house by 30%. In the general segment of the popular house plans, projects such trace amounts, so these homes do not have a practical implementation.

Analysis of demand of houses shows that good quality and construction of town houses may be carried out at the offer price of 15, 000 rubles / sqm. This is the real minimum price of building a box house of bricks, aerated concrete and foam concrete blocks in 2011

Foundation

Let’s start with the foundation and basis for reinforced concrete ribbon take solid foundation with a depth of burial 1m65 see every one of us knows the formula for calculating area and volume, and more, in principle, nothing else. Tape length 87 we have approximately m belt width 400 mm., The soles of 500 mm. The volume of solid work will be not less than 63 cubic meters For the device strip foundation we need sand, gravel, wooden decking, insulation, fittings and haywire.

Walls and partitions in the house

The roof of the house

Wooden elements of roof systems, purlin, kontrobreshetki 15 cbm

Total costs of materials for device insulated with mansard roof will be finishing coating metal tile – 385000 rubles.

Overlap

In the project home two floors (basement and first floor). The volume of solid work approx 50 cubic meters will be You will need to formwork, reinforcement, waterproofing, concrete, reinforcement, inserts, expanded polystyrene.

Total costs of materials for devices of two monolithic slabs will be – no less than 350 000 rubles.

Ring anchors and reinforcing belt

Same as that of a monolithic slabs, bearings, valves, concrete formwork. The volume of solid work on this project will amount to approximately 12 cubic meters

The cost of materials needed to build a box house on the draft AR 176-37

Foundation walls + roof + = 1 904 000 rubles

And we get very similar to the real figure: 2. 0944 million rubles for the construction cost of the materials box home on the draft AR 176-37.

Quality and cost of building a house. Estimates of construction and the real cost of building a country house.

The quality of construction work

Quality of construction has always been a burning issue, which is particularly exacerbated when this activity began to engage people without special training. Changed the appearance and customer The developer.

In the end, in addition to moral damages and the customer is considerable material losses.

But even this whole system of control can not prevent accidents, defects and defects in construction. Known that more than half of the detected flaws and violations of the permit performers, about one-third due to poor quality construction materials and structures, 5% – errors and errors in the draft. And only 10% – for objective reasons.

What can we say about the uncontrolled “samostroy” country houses with the help of hired laborers or young construction firms, have neither the experience nor the base or even an experienced specialist. The purpose of these companies – to keep up with the short construction season run as much as possible construction. Strength and reliability of their homes not care. There is a contradiction of interests of the parties.

Not only does it by talking about finances and everything begins. Experience has shown that their costs often reach the amount in excess of the required one and a half twice.

Work to ensure quality construction, just like any other, requires a cost. The message is clear: the private customer – the consumer of construction services – requires a system of legal and technical support. Construction lawyer’s fee is negligible compared with the value of saving.

Estimates and actual construction costs at home

Estimates calculated in gosrastsenkah 1984-1991 gg. Or MTSN 81-98 with correction factors. This database was created for a large industrial building and completely unsuitable for private housing. In addition, the estimated regulations 1984-1991 gg. Obsolete, as it does not take into account new technologies, materials and products, instruments and mechanisms.

By the old rules was estimated project organization.

Calculating the cost of building a house, with aggregate

This method is most often used small and medium-sized construction firms, or more skilled teams.

A detailed estimate of construction costs at home

This is the most promising option, since the form of estimates is understandable and accessible to the customer. If there is an opportunity to make payments for work actually performed.

Select a model project at home

Buying a model project in the online store ready-made designs of houses do not recommend you focus your attention on the cost of the project documentation. First of all, you do not buy potatoes at the market, and project your future home, looking for their own benefit in 3000-4000 rubles without regard for other criteria (layout and facade solutions used building materials, etc.) you are doing very lightly. Secondly, there are many Internet scams that steal intellectual property of others (and any model project – is its author, to whom belong all rights to it) and implement it in an extremely truncated or incomplete kit, which is bad both for the builders, and for the developer. Since the legal and financial liability for copyright infringement will be personally it.



For example, according to numerous complaints from citizens Dorogomilovskaya Interdistrict Prosecutor’s Office conducted an audit of one of the GUP, serving 250 apartment buildings.

And the right to load on purses, “co-financed” at home sometimes threaten people’s lives. According to the expert, in the process repair of the roof was dismantled brick masonry parapet, and the remaining part is now “in an unstable position». In other words, the brickwork just hangs at any moment could fall down on the heads of passers-by.

However, officials successfully manage without the participation of the owner. Well, there are former and current employee of death metal – and Acceptance is at home successfully. With all the shortcomings, which reward close their eyes, “- grimly grinning Humeniuk. On the subject of poor housing for the Moscow mayor’s office recently prepared a report.

If this is a porches, what vytvoryat in apartments? Frightened by the prospect, part of the tenants tightly shut doors to communal services. Passions ran high, says Oleg: “People are pressed, threatened to Travel Abroad and promised various calamities. Public utilities, with support from the police, even bursting into our door with a grinder ». For major repairs of homes will have to pay the owners – on a monthly basis and necessarily, said guide housing Reform Fund. What’s in this the amount of the share of regional and municipal budgets, and what – residents themselves to say no one has taken. «Stop, why, we have There is no HOA! “- did not understand the tenants. Amazed Muscovites and the choices it has fallen on their homes – not worn, well-galvanized pipes. While completely around the buildings where the roof and flowing almost do not fall off the wall!

But “disaster” to the surprise of residents, continued. The reason, as explained in the council – a government decree of Moscow № 1032-PP, according to which the overhaul to be at home, in which, “according to monitoring Moszhilinspektsii, there is considerable wear and tear structural elements ». This and legs grow cheap, poor-quality repairs. MP recalls instances when workers repair just throwing in the middle and left, saying that the money allocated to the house, ran out. Owner is not participating in the survey the state of the house – tehzaklyuchenie up without him. Imagine, for example, your car takes a known and who do not understand how to repair. Do I need to clarify that and to control for capital repairs is practically the owner is not allowed? ”

For the renovation of the house will have to pay.

Why pay Muscovites – for high-quality conversions or for past outrages, understood “MK “.

Or do not at all.

But interim results of a pilot project in Tatarstan, where 65% of apartment buildings voluntarily entered into a mutual fund overhaul: “The Accounting Chamber auditors revealed violations of Tatarstan in the field of repair of housing Republic worth about 40 million rubles.

Meanwhile, co-financing major repairs in the run-in with might and main tenants of the regions, this year, as he wrote, “MK”,??an experiment worth 2.8 billion rubles in Moscow and began (the inhabitants of a hundred houses pay 5% of the repairs). According to preliminary calculations, the co-financing major repairs will cost more in city dweller 1200-3000 rubles. M) per year. Rubles. In the capital, the average twice as high as 6 rubles per square meter. So much so, that invented a treatment for Dmitry Medvedev and Vladimir Putin. «It was in October 2009, – says Oleg. – Since we are warming ourselves heaters.” Well, that’s okay, promise is made more previous command officials.

«It was created without the consent of the owners, no meeting has not been,” – says Oleg Sukhoruchenkov.

Mighty pipes, meanwhile, threatened with death: contractor famously took me to their puny plastic. In which a couple of years’ a gift “from the officials must begin to crack. – While residents are very poor housing, where the price of the question above, this load can not cope.

- Push off from the proposed regional experience, and he failed, – said Vyacheslav Humeniuk. – In this way, accept, and the Institute for Urban Economics. Scheme and a simple run-everywhere – the territorial authority creates a “fake” HOAs. This, alas, a very popular scheme and in Moscow.

Check what is – even in the center of Moscow. And after disbursement of funds, these condominiums are usually disappear. A saw is that: in the last three years is allocated for the repair of 40-50 billion from the budget of the city. The average home accounts for 22.2 million rubles. Is it any wonder that the house on Academy Bochvar kapremontniki seized upon all the hands and feet!

The President was shocked and called an all-out test.



Buckle

Russia has traditionally been made from the coupling of dry concrete mixtures. Since the mixture of concrete and sand in any proportion – not a very durable material, it added adhesives. After this, the screed is applied waterproofing coating, and top – sheets of moisture-resistant plywood, thickness 10-12 mm.

In European technology for the manufacture of cable ties are special self-leveling mix – the so-called self-leveling floors. Under these mixtures for additional noise and heat insulation are often put a layer of styrofoam, and for extra waterproofing on top plank polymer film.

Lay before you tie the concrete slab surface is cleaned of dust and dirt. Perfectly clean concrete is impossible, so the surface is primed binders.

This floor dries much faster than conventional clamps (approximately 10-15 days). Excellent floor of this made him very popular.

But the conscientious foreman repair firms often offer you more complex, combined version.

This floor will cost considerably more expensive, but it has performance characteristics will be much higher.

The technology laying flooring special secrets. For fixing parquet, laminate and ceramic tiles, there are special adhesives and mastics. Note the particular importance of drying screed for laying parquet. If coupling is too wet, the tree otsyreet, warp, and your flooring will be suitable only for the release. If you need to do tiling mezhplitochny seam width of at least 1 mm. Tile, laid without a seam, in a joint would inevitably crack of even minor changes in temperature and humidity.

This is, in general, the conventional technology prevailing at laying the floor today, but recently the market has a new material developed by German experts, who can make a small revolution – dry screed.

Underfloor

It is of two types: electric and water.

If you find that a warm floor is not working, you need to break tie, troubleshoot and fill again. By the same lengthy and costly procedure and would have recourse in case of breakage of floor heating in the operation.

Water Heated floor, in this sense, more economical: how much do you pay for hot water, and many will pay more. The only problem – your neighbors may decrease the temperature of hot water at the tap, and if they understand what it can arrange your trouble. Pipeline for water sex can be made of galvanized steel or copper tubing. In-piece metal-piping floor heating from a disaster You will be insured for 100 percent.



Ceramic tile and porcelain

Ceramic tile and granite in the lead when it comes to decorating the kitchen floor. Their advantages – high wear resistance, durability and resistance to moisture.

In the collections of many factories there is granite with simulated wood flooring, that allows you to create the illusion of living area, but the care of the floor is still going to be easy.

Wood-polymer composites

Combine the best properties of wood and plastic and have higher physical properties than either of these materials separately.

To visually zonirovat space and achieve a certain artistic effect, the designers combine different floors, one of the most popular options – combination of ceramic tiles (kitchen area) and flooring (in the dining room area ).

In the kitchen space, all finishing materials increased demands. Special attention is paid to the drafting of kitchen flooring choice, which should have high strength, wear resistance and at the same time integrate harmoniously in the interior design concept.

Laminate

The main advantage of laminated flooring is its cost – from 250-300 rubles. Per square meter.

Thus, the water will not penetrate into the edge, and the laminate is not deformed. Natural wood

Experts recommend that all same sex work zone (70-80 cm from the boundaries of kitchen units) to cover the stone or tile.

Also for the kitchen facilities is desirable to increase the number of layers of lacquer to five.



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