Archive for the 'Country house' Category

His Majesty the case

Specialist opinion

Why do I need insurance of property, devised many ways to protect it? Ludmila Lavrov, managing director liability insurance and private property company “Rosgosstrakh-North-West”:

- Alarm, security, CCTV, fire protection systems to reduce the risk of fires and illegal activities. However, neither the technical nor organizational system for the protection of property rights can not protect from all dangers. And then without insurance can not do. A typical example: holiday house in gardening array “Mshinskaya” was renovated in 2008, protected by bars on the windows and metal doors. Quality of technical equipment and home care owners, who cut off all-out electric stove and cleaned, it would seem to guarantee the safety of property. In March 2009, a caring boss still insured his house.

Help

For example, wood houses are burning more than stone, and old buildings from deterioration over 50% of threatened trouble posting, in violation of operation of all systems, and other troubles. Availability in the cottage open fire sources – fireplaces and stoves – and the reason for increased cost of insurance. In turn, the risk of fire and theft is greatly reduced, if the house is installed bars on the windows, alarm system, fire protection systems. If is your homestead is located in a guarded cottage, the price of insurance in relation to the amount of coverage will be quite small.

Country-house insurance will ensure the safety of your estate and your peace of mind

If the object of insurance acts as country house, the greatest danger that threatens him, – a fire. It is this risk is paramount in all insurance products. For owners of expensive cottages will be added to the relevant insurance and risk of illegal actions. Well, the full package includes risks such as natural disasters, impact of vehicles and falling objects piloted aircraft, crash engineering systems, and even broken glass.



Jul

29

Old coating will be an additional waterproofing layer – it will increase the reliability of the roof and in addition will reduce your costs.

Construction of plastic resistant to corrosion and easy to install, but the Russian climate with low temperatures and high snow loads can be destroyed. Set safest metal gutter system made of galvanized steel with polymer coating. To this drain visually in harmony with the facade of the house, many manufacturers offer them complete with a roof covering. In this case, the material and color of the assembly are identical. Replace or install a gutter and can be up to the snow in winter, for example, coating Ruukki «Pural», applied on metal gutters, allows operation at temperatures up to minus 15 degrees Celsius.

Icicles often occur because the heat passing through the poorly insulated cover, snow warms up and it begins to melt. To solve this problem, you can use roll or bulk goods.

Best way to prepare for that time in advance: if the process of care for the roof will not require much effort, and the occupants do not have to always wait for a “raid” on top of icicles.

Even using modern means of protecting the roof from ice periodically may need personal intervention of the owners of the house in the process of cleaning the roof. The fact that exposure to heat from the roof, it forms a thin crust of ice – in an effort to remove it using the tools, you can scratch the polymer coating of metal.

If you want to do is not only stylish, but practical and durable roofing – metal is what you need. These products are very light, easy to use and ideal for reconstruction of the roof of any kind.

Resistive Cables evenly warms the entire length, having the same temperature for different parts of the roof. When using a self-regulating cable, the intensity of heat on its various sites depends on the roof zones: the dry and warm places heat cable can be two times lower than on ice and meltwater. If the cable heating system arrangement, usually to the main heating, the heating zones include sections of gutters, drains, valleys, drip edge, the edge of the cornice and roof – that is, those places where the formation of icicles is most likely.

This snowy winter roof has been challenged. One can hardly find a better time to think about their repair or replacement than it is now – while still not died down drip.



Jul

20

If you want to do is not only stylish, but practical and durable roofing – metal is what you need. These products are very light, easy to use and ideal for reconstruction of the roof of any kind.

How else to secure the roof to the next winter? Resistive Cables evenly warms the entire length, having the same temperature for different parts of the roof. Obviously, that intelligent systems are more economical in terms of energy consumption. If the cable heating system arrangement, usually to the main heating, the heating zones include sections of gutters, drains, valleys, drip edge, the edge of the cornice and roof – that is, those places where the formation of icicles is most likely.

Perhaps we should take care to install additional safety features – special fasteners, catwalks and snegozaderzhateley etc. These options are usually available at complex ordering of the roof together with installation from one contractor.

On the attic floor insulation is laid on the outer wall, overlapping the vertical walls are insulated layer. In carrying out such work must necessarily take into account ventilation.

According to existing regulations gutters on the buildings should be located approximately every 12-16 meters, and the size of the gutters should depend on the area of?? the roof.

Winter period of operation is one of the most difficult for any of the roof. Best way to prepare for that time in advance: if the process of care for the roof will not require much effort, and the occupants do not have to always wait for a “raid” on top of icicles.

This contracting company is obliged to provide a guarantee, and often provide the maintenance of the roof. The best solution – to turn to professionals able to provide the full range of services from the exact calculation of the necessary materials and accessories to installation of the roof. Today, such integrated services have only a few leading manufacturers of roofing materials, including Ruukki.

One can hardly find a better time to think about their repair or replacement than it is now – while still not died down drip.

Even using modern means of protecting the roof from ice periodically may need personal intervention of the owners of the house in the process of cleaning the roof. The fact that exposure to heat from the roof, it forms a thin crust of ice – in an effort to remove it using the tools, you can scratch the polymer coating of metal.

In the standing seam roofing, trapezoidal sheet, asphalt shingles and metal roofing new coating can be installed directly on top. It is only necessary to check the status of supporting structures, the layer ventilation and install a new crate for fixing roofing sheets. Old coating will be an additional waterproofing layer – it will increase the reliability of the roof and in addition will reduce your costs.



Application of dye spray formulations is still not very common technique in conducting internal and external finishing works.

Paint in several layers – this is much more effective than applying one thick layer, because it allows more even paint over the surface and to avoid any leakage. Each layer must dry out to give before you apply a new one. Drying time depends on the composition of paint, but this usually requires no more than 5-7 minutes.

A nice way to paint small areas of surfaces – use spray paint in cans. These advantages include flexibility (suitable for coloring a wide variety of surfaces), there is no need to set up and adjust tool, low price and wide color gamut. Low-cost air gun can be bought for 500-700 rubles, the price of electric models starting from well-known firms 1500-2000.

To date, the most common is the aerial spraying technology: separation of paint on fine particles using compressed air pressure (at least – another gas). The simplest example of an air gun – air brush, which is a tank equipped with a paging system and spraying. Airbrush different types are used to create illustrations and drawings art, painting cars, clothing, and perform other paint work a small amount.

Too smooth or polished surfaces can also be pre-cleaned fine sandpaper or a sanding machine to process – of course, only if it does not spoil the appearance of the details.

When using sprays and aerosols must use appropriate protective equipment – respirators and masks. Remember: getting even a small amount of air and the colorful mixture into the respiratory tract can cause serious health problems.

Object surface be coated must be cleaned of any dirt and dust, wood and metal objects should also cover the primer. This is necessary in order to paint a better lie down and / or taken the necessary texture. Primer also prevents rust after staining.

More sophisticated and powerful kind of spray equipment are electric spray guns. They provide better performance and accuracy, many current models also provide the ability to control operating parameters – the geometry of the torch (jet ink mixed with air), by pressure, the amount of air in the mixture, etc.

Spray can be used to paint objects of any shape, including those that are difficult to stain with by brush or roller – for example, openwork, lattice structures.

The secret of the correct paint surfaces using a spray – the uniformity and continuity of movement. Apply the paint fast, but smooth movements from side to side, in any case do not stop and let the stream to concentrate at one point. Paint used in aerosol cans and air brush – much less dense than ordinary paints, intended for application by brush or roller, so spray it too thick layer quickly formed drops flowing down and breaking the uniformity of color. If you use an aerosol – periodically shake it to mix the paint.



His Majesty the case

“What do I do if an accident occurs?” – The question should ask each client the insurance company. And, having received the answer, make sure that it is documented, that is, read the agreement.

Specialist opinion

How did this happen?

Your policy is simple: to you leaves the agent examines and evaluates the object. In the evaluation of expensive property on the initiative of the policyholder may participate licensed expert. At the moment, many companies offer a “lite” version of the treaty, which is only by description, photos of the property and a certificate of ownership. This is possible only if the insurance inexpensive objects with a maximum amount of damage cover 1 million rubles (”Rosgosstrakh” thus insuring new buildings worth 10 million rubles). Be careful when determining the value of a house: you can claim a large sum, but when the insured event the money will be paid based on the actual cost of the building.

Country-house insurance will ensure the safety of your estate and your peace of mind

So you want to insure the house. Do you have the option of full protection of property or a user. For owners of expensive cottages will be added to the relevant insurance and risk of illegal actions. Well, the full package includes risks such as natural disasters, impact of vehicles and falling objects piloted aircraft, crash engineering systems, and even broken glass.

Look at all the points on which the company declines payment obligations, and deadlines for providing documents. After assessing the damage and the receipt of all required documents the money is paid within 7-10 days. A sum insured is determined by the scale of destruction. Lost and not repairable items are paid on the basis of the amount specified in the contract. If the subject is beyond repair, the company pays his price. If you have used insurance reimbursement, the following insurance will rise considerably in value.



Recent trends in construction demand strict compliance with energy efficiency standards, which are becoming more stringent. That’s why timber frame houses have become so popular nowadays. In accordance with European low-energy house / building has an annual energy consumption for heating and cooling at 30-70 kWh/m2. The most common worldwide material used in construction technology low-energy houses and buildings, is the wood – a natural material, strength and density of which is fully compliant. Wooden houses fully meet modern requirements for thermal and sound insulation, they are the most seismically resistant and fire-resistant than many houses built on different technology.

To finish the interior and exterior walls of frame houses using different materials. You decide how it will look your home, and what materials are best to use.

Individual planning, unified construction.

The system “platform” does not limit the possibilities for individual design, it can be used in accordance with customer needs. Finishing materials, equipment, heating method, etc. – All this can vary freely.

A unified method of construction reduces costs. The idea of?? unification is the main parts of a skeleton and their compounds. With their help, we can apply an infinite number of solutions in the design of the home. Standardized parts are standard sizes and dimensions adjusted to each other.

Select the project for a country house

Screw pile foundations, despite the advantages, costs do not differ from the more traditional options. They are excellent in their way to areas with rough terrain and where the soil has a low bearing capacity.

Itself screw pile is a steel pipe with sheet metal specific form, all together can resemble a large ice pick. These piles are literally screwed into the ground, and their length and depth, respectively, vary depending on the type of soil – thus, to create such a foundation can be anywhere. After completion of screwing piles concreted and further processed anticorrosive materials. This foundation is characterized by a high degree of load-carrying capacity, including through further compression of the surrounding soil at the time of screwing. Each pile can be screwed in at various depths, based on the requirements of soil, and it does not change the overall safety and soundness of the foundation.

As a basis for country houses screw pile-foundations have become popular for a number of reasons. Firstly, a significant savings, since it is possible to abandon the excavation works carried out during the laying of the foundation of normal. The construction of such a foundation can be done either on a perfectly flat, and on any other site, including the slope, without the use of heavy construction equipment. Another plus – easy extensibility of the design, that is, to the houses on pile foundations, screw easier to attach additional facilities. Also significantly reduced the time required to spend on such a foundation, with respect to traditional options. If necessary, carry out the work is possible even in winter.

What is “Platform”?

System “platform” is a wooden frame house with a load-bearing walls. The name “Platform” shows the method of construction. The house is built every floor, while the lower floor and Interfloor are both working the planes on which the walls of the floors are going in a horizontal position and then mounted vertically.

The system is particularly suitable for the construction of small individual wooden houses, but it is also used in the construction of sectional homes and homes in several floors.

The constructive principle.

The design of the upper floors can be a rafter or beam.

The principle of construction according to the “platform”.

Prefab homes have the following advantages:

Excellent insulation

Environmentally friendly materials used in construction;

Low cost due to lower labor costs, implementation period, as well as unique technologies.

Building on this technology allows for a variety of complex architectural designs based on customer requirements.

The rapid pace of construction, which are calculated for weeks or even days;

Quick return on investment by reducing costs for heating and air conditioning. The house, built on such technology, the annual electricity consumption for heating and cooling to 6 times lower than consumption in the brick house the relevant area, where energy consumption is estimated at 250-300 in kWh/m2. Year.

The absence of “wet” processes, thus avoiding condensation;

Construction without the use of heavy construction equipment and large groups of workers

The advantages of laminated veneer lumber

Glued laminated timber – one of the most popular building material for modern country houses. With respect to such materials as brick, concrete and concrete blocks, laminated veneer lumber is highly beneficial environmental impact and the fact that it is a natural natural material. Wood has such a useful feature, as antitoxic, it also helps to maintain the optimum level of indoor humidity.

If you touch the question of durability of this type of building material, there is still nothing to say. Why? The reason is very simple. It is known that this material, with proper manufacturing, can last several centuries, the period varies depending on the climatic characteristics of the terrain. However, applying a laminated board were only about 50 years ago, so more or less accurate assessment of its service life is not yet possible. But one thing is certain – this time considerable.

Wooden houses, of course, are beautiful, durable and good for health, but not every timber is suitable for construction – for the simple reason that an array of wood thickness of 70 millimeters or more during drying can strongly deformed due to the appearance of large cracks. This, in turn, is no good to the degree of fire resistance, insulation, and also on the resistance to the formation of mold. It is for these reasons for creating wooden building materials up more than 70 mm are used technique of gluing. Developed in Europe, special adhesive mixtures can not harm the pristine ecology of wood and thus make it possible to get a laminated veneer lumber required thickness.

And another important fact. It is generally accepted that the wooden house where higher fire than brick. In the case of conventional buildings that opinion is justified. However, if we are talking about houses from glued beams, it is necessary again to recall his great density, through which such houses are several times less fire risks than usual. Why? It’s simple. As mentioned above, laminated veneer lumber favorably absence of cracks in the tree, and this in turn makes it extremely difficult to fire. Experiments in which laminated veneer lumber burned, show that even specially make it very difficult – need a pretty strong fire and at least five minutes of time, and in this case it is about one particular rod, but not of the finished construction of a dense, where These figures will be even higher.

Unlike a regular rod and artificial materials such as bricks glued laminated wood has a high thermal insulation – it does not form visible cracks and thus not violated the integrity of the material. It is so dense that not even require the use of sealants or fillers. You can be sure that any, even the most subtle of drafts in a house will not be.

At first glance it may seem odd to claim that the houses from glued beams for its strength in some aspects can compete with houses of brick and concrete. However, if we remember that this house over 50 percent stronger than conventional log-house and with virtually no shrinkage, it becomes clear his natural strength and solidity.

The advantages of the construction method.

Home from a bar

Laminated wall beams made of dry planed boards. All defects that affect the strength, durability and appearance of the wall beam, carved out of the board. In the manufacture of lumber, a special eco-friendly glue that keeps all the positive qualities of wood.

Over time, to accelerate and simplify the construction of log homes have been set up machines that will automatically attach the log perfectly cylindrical shape, select the slots and cup timber for coupling with each other. This technology has been fairly common, but now the number of houses being built of logs is reduced (as a percentage of the total number of new construction). This is due to the fact that the drawbacks of solid wood in a house made of logs are more visible than in the house, chopped from a single log. The only advantage of logs – the appearance of neatness.

In order to eliminate the disadvantages of solid wood, walls are made of laminated veneer lumber.

If the timber wall in front of the assembly was processed decorative and protective compounds, after the assembly house does not need additional treatment.

The house is built of laminated veneer lumber fast enough, due to the fact that all the grooves and cups on the bars are made at the factory, on specialized equipment, there is no need for highly skilled assemblers. Assembled house is immediately ready to install windows and doors, as the wall material does not require exposure to shrink.

Due to the fact that the geometry of the wall beam during operation varies slightly, there is no need to caulk the grooves periodically, as in-house from a single timber, and therefore there is no danger of cutting the slits.

Construction technology of wooden houses from whole logs, perhaps, is the oldest and currently most common in forest edges of our country. Over the centuries, its use is so developed, that is known to almost everyone. But time passes, the requirements for wooden houses are changed to the fore the qualities of the house, which in the past and did not come to mind, so the wooden log houses were gradually replaced by other types of homes. Detail the technology of building a log home is described in various literature seeking to examine the book offering Samoilov VS – “Building a wooden house.”

Wooden houses with walls made of solid wood – minced from whole logs from cylinder beams, made of solid timber, laminated veneer lumber from.



Today I would like to dwell on that part of the floor, which is hidden from our eyes under the floor covering.

Underfloor

In some rooms: a bedroom, nursery, bathroom is not superfluous to the floor heating arrangement.

It is of two types: electric and water.

But there is an electric floor heating and a number of other disadvantages: it consumes power from 250 to 400 kW per hour. Also, make a trial inclusion floor heating is possible only after complete drying screed, ie after 45 days.

The only problem – your neighbors may decrease the temperature of hot water at the tap, and if they understand what it can arrange your trouble. However, it is best to use a solid metal-plastic pipe. After all, when laying any metal pipe under the floor covering will inevitably pipe joints. Then, sooner or later happen to leak, and you have to eliminate it destroy the entire floor. Buckle

Primed surface provides good shvatyvaemost with screed. It is important for either sex, but especially for ceramic tile. If buckle under the tile poorly grasped with the cooking surface, then walking on a tile will be heard the characteristic sound of, and eventually the floor will be uneven and the tiles will start to separate from basis and “take off».

Main purpose of the ties – even surface on which the plank floor.

In European technology for the manufacture of cable ties are special self-leveling mix – the so-called self-leveling floors. Under these mixtures for additional noise and heat insulation are often put a layer of styrofoam, and for extra waterproofing on top plank polymer film.

The technology laying flooring special secrets. For fixing parquet, laminate and ceramic tiles, there are special adhesives and mastics. If coupling is too wet, the tree otsyreet, warp, and your flooring will be suitable only for the release. If you need to do tiling mezhplitochny seam width of at least 1 mm. A successful selection of such a joint hue only emphasize the beauty of the picture tiles.

In a tie, there are significant advantages. First – it does not require drying. Just for self-leveling floor can be laid tile, laminate and carpeting. To lay the same parquet necessarily need a layer of plywood. In addition, self-leveling floor has a layer of very small thickness (25 mm.), Which is especially useful in homes with low ceilings. Excellent floor of this made him very popular.

But the conscientious foreman repair firms often offer you more complex, combined version.

In this embodiment, the primary screed – a concrete mixture, put a second layer of European self-leveling compounds.

Before the screed will be laid floor covering, it must be dry.

If you’re going to make repairs, or simply change their sex in the apartment, and I hope this article will help you assess the professionalism of your chosen repair firm and a better understanding of company representative at the talks, and if the repair process you are already in full swing, it is possible that you be able to better assess the integrity of the contractor.



Main structural part of the building are the walls. Walls – a supporting structure, for the calculation of sufficient strength, resistance to vertical and horizontal loads.

Vertical wall is a fence that separates the room from the external environment or from another room.

The walls are divided:

By the nature of the material – in stone, wood, walls made of local materials, as well as combined

Depending on the perception of stress – for carriers, self-supporting and non-bearing;

In this article we consider the basic types of walls on the nature of the material – wood and stone.

Pavestone wall

Pavestone wall erected of horizontally laid boards. Application of the boards makes it possible to eliminate manual processing of logs, cabin mates corners, junctions of walls and move to mechanized harvesting of the wall elements.

Wall logs are gathered at the factory with all vrubkami for mates and nests for the thorns.

Section beams for exterior walls shall 150×150 mm and 180h180 mm. Depending on weather conditions, for interior walls – 100×150 mm 100h180 mm.

Protecting cobbled walls

Effective protection cobbled walls from weathering is the planking or lining of brick, which protects walls from moisture, heat protection increases, reduces the effects of wind, at a brick wall covering fire increases.

Log walls and cobbled recommended bind or coat no sooner than 1-1.5 years after construction (after complete precipitation).

Wooden wall

The design of the wooden walls of heated buildings are divided into log-out logs or timbers, frame, panel and frame panel.

Stone walls

In the heterogeneous, lightweight walls of brickwork replaced by thick walls with thermal insulation tiles and an air gap.

Six-row system involves alternating rows of five Stretcher bond with a bonder. Each Stretcher bond series cross-vertical joints tie in a half-brick, longitudinal vertical joints formed spoons tied bonder series of five series. Stretcher bond

Masonry in six-row system is simpler than on two-lane. To decrease the breathability of the walls of masonry joints facial seal the special tool, giving the seams form roller, fillet or a triangle. This method is called jointing.

Frame walls

Frame walls require less wood than log or cobbled walls, are less labor intensive, therefore more economical.

Base frame walls is carrying a wooden frame, leather on both sides of leaf, or molded materials.

To make the frame exterior and interior walls using 50 mm thick boards, as well as devices for rafters and beams. With a thickness of 50 mm rack bearing walls is recommended to use a minimum width of 100 mm.

Supporting rack frame is placed on a distance of 0.5 m, linking with the size of window and door openings. Basement joists have overlapping at a distance of 0.5 m. The corner posts carry the frame of beams or composite boards, and the rank and file of the boards 50×100, 60×120 mm or.

Warming frame walls is carried out with mineral and organic materials with density up to 500-600 kg / m Materials for filling are: pumice, sawdust, gilak, shavings, peat, etc., which are largely inferior to their properties with modern mineral insulation.

Lightweight brick wall

Lightweight brick wall in which brick is partially relieved of his unusual insulating function by replacing the thermal conductivity of masonry materials, however, can significantly reduce the consumption of bricks, thereby increasing the cost of the material.

Lightweight brick walls are divided into 2 groups. The first group includes the design, consisting of two thin longitudinal brick walls, between which are placed insulating material, the second group consists of structures consisting of a brick wall, insulated thermal insulation boards.

Brick walls with insulation of insulated panels

Light-weight concrete stones in comparison with ordinary bricks have a lower bulk density and lower thermal conductivity, so the use of ceramic stones for construction of exterior walls to reduce their thickness. The disadvantage is that the light concrete stones smaller bulk density have a lower strength and resistance to weathering.

After laying the stones in the wall voids of average climatic conditions and the northern regions should fall asleep slag maloteploprovodnym material, because at larger sizes of voids in which there is air circulation, increasing the thermal conductivity of the wall. Filling voids maloprovodnymi materials increases the complexity of masonry. To reduce air circulation in the cavities used trehpustotnye stones with non-through voids – pyatistennye stones.

Crowning cornice

Crowning cornice brick wall with a small removal of its – up to 300 mm and not more than half the thickness of the wall can be spread from a brick through the gradual release of rows of masonry at 60-80 mm in each row.

Inner ends of the concrete slabs cover the teams of the longitudinal reinforced concrete beams that are attached to masonry with it clamped steel anchors, with the help of which ensure the stability of the cornice.

Shield Wall

Wall panels are made inside and outside, which, in turn, are subdivided into deaf, window and door. Shields consist of Pavestone trim and cladding, internal and external, which is placed between the heater.. To reduce air flow under the cladding pave the paper.

Boards arranged vertically and connected with nails. When designing joints between boards must provide sufficient density and air flow through the junction.

For freeze protection at the level of overlap on the outside are insulated suit.

Chopped log walls

Each row of logs in the wall called the crown.

Rallying rims with fluted grooves and push-stud size 25h50h120.

Crowns laid down a groove, thereby eliminating the possibility of wicking water into it. In the grooves between the crowns placed tow to seal the seam and insulation. Depending on climatic conditions the width of the groove take from 12 to 15 cm

Seams between the logs to reduce the air flow through the caulk tow for the first time immediately after the device wall and the second time in 1-2 years after the end of the precipitation. In the corners of the building mate vrubkoy crowns with remainder in a bowl or without a trace – in the leg. In the method of coupling rims at the corners in the leg, that is, without a trace, the wood is consumed to a lesser extent, so this method is more appropriate.



Embedded System Installation Mixer (Germany) Hansgrohe iBox Universal

Hansgrohe iBox Universal – the first example of a universal box for installing flush-mounted faucets. It replaced the four basic elements that were used previously by Hansgrohe. Universality of the system is that with it mounted and single-lever mixers and thermostats, in addition, mounting diameter iBox Universal is 3 / 4 inches, so you can bring water using a liner 3 / 4 or 1 / 1 inches (with adapter).

An important condition for the installation box – secure attachment to the wall, ensuring its immobility. Mounting depth – 80 mm.

Designers have taken care of Hansgrohe ease of installation. IBox Universal housing is symmetrical, so it makes no difference which side to bet. Main – after installation of the boxes correctly draw all communication. In this way, will help cover the leads with markup and outputs of water. The same cover protects the interior of the casing from the ingestion of debris during installation. IBox Universal practically silent, as the outer panel fastened by plastic screws, vibration damping.

Mounting Module for wall-hung WC (France) SAS France

SAS France French company is known, primarily due to developments in the field of plumbing, including valves for flushing cisterns. Flush mechanisms SAS products are equipped with many European brands of sanitary ware, as well as some examples of mounting the modules. It is not surprising that the system and installation of its own production, the model W752K, manufactured in accordance with the French national standard NF, designers SAS France equipped with a universal fitting of its brand. Drain mechanism module was designed for use in all types of tanks, how to toilet-compact, and for systems installation.

Silent mechanism, supports two modes of flushing, with permits adjustment of the volume of water released. T Valve closes the water smoothly, without creating water hammer. The mechanism set in motion strong steel cables in a protective sheath. Water can be brought to Backa left or right fitting liner brass, stainless steel.

Module are fixed at two points on the floor and two more – to the supporting wall. Frame width of 40 cm, and it is easy to install even in the narrow room. Draining tap attached to a frame using clips. The panel can be installed flush the frontal and top the tank.

Viega Eco Plus

Installation wall-hung WC module (Germany)

In the corner of the installation Viega Eco Plus specialization. This model is designed for installation in a wall-hung WC corner of the room, and the problem is solved non-trivial.

Frame at Eco Plus is not the same as that of his near-wall normal “peers.” It is equipped with metal mounting plates deployed at 45 degrees and the surrounding walls of the well. Two additional angular steel profile in the upper and middle parts of the frame assembly extend Eco Plus. The easiest way – two points in the half and four – to the walls (fixing caps). B ydvizhnye lower supports are equipped with latches that prevent the spontaneous change in their position. If sewer drainage runs along the wall and it prevents a of the pillars, it is completely lifted up, and the module is fixed in the extra point through the hole in the lower reinforcing rib. When the module must be mounted to a wall, involve all addressed to her mounting holes – both mounting pads and the two angular profile. If the angle between the walls is not equal to 90 degrees, mounting pads unbend, for a close fit to the surface.

B

Two other series – Visign for Style and Visign for More – were released in the past year, and immediately attracted the attention of specialists. The first are made of plastic, the latter – chromed metal, some of them – with the use of glass.

Embedded System Installation Mixer (Germany) Hansgrohe iBox Universal

Hansgrohe iBox Universal – the first example of a universal box for installing flush-mounted faucets. It replaced the four basic elements that were used previously by Hansgrohe. Universality of the system is that with it mounted and single-lever mixers and thermostats, in addition, mounting diameter iBox Universal is 3 / 4 inches, so you can bring water using a liner 3 / 4 or 1 / 1 inches (with adapter).

An important condition for the installation box – secure attachment to the wall, ensuring its immobility. Mounting depth – 80 mm.

Designers have taken care of Hansgrohe ease of installation. IBox Universal housing is symmetrical, so it makes no difference which side to bet. Main – after installation of the boxes correctly draw all communication. In this way, will help cover the leads with markup and outputs of water. The same cover protects the interior of the casing from the ingestion of debris during installation. IBox Universal practically silent, as the outer panel fastened by plastic screws, vibration damping.

Mounting Module for wall-hung WC (France) SAS France

SAS France French company is known, primarily due to developments in the field of plumbing, including valves for flushing cisterns. Flush mechanisms SAS products are equipped with many European brands of sanitary ware, as well as some examples of mounting the modules. It is not surprising that the system and installation of its own production, the model W752K, manufactured in accordance with the French national standard NF, designers SAS France equipped with a universal fitting of its brand. Drain mechanism module was designed for use in all types of tanks, how to toilet-compact, and for systems installation.

Silent mechanism, supports two modes of flushing, with permits adjustment of the volume of water released. T Valve closes the water smoothly, without creating water hammer. The mechanism set in motion strong steel cables in a protective sheath. Water can be brought to Backa left or right fitting liner brass, stainless steel.

Module are fixed at two points on the floor and two more – to the supporting wall. Frame width of 40 cm, and it is easy to install even in the narrow room. Draining tap attached to a frame using clips. The panel can be installed flush the frontal and top the tank.

Viega Eco Plus

Installation wall-hung WC module (Germany)

In the corner of the installation Viega Eco Plus specialization. This model is designed for installation in a wall-hung WC corner of the room, and the problem is solved non-trivial.

Frame at Eco Plus is not the same as that of his near-wall normal “peers.” It is equipped with metal mounting plates deployed at 45 degrees and the surrounding walls of the well. Two additional angular steel profile in the upper and middle parts of the frame assembly extend Eco Plus. The easiest way – two points in the half and four – to the walls (fixing caps). B ydvizhnye lower supports are equipped with latches that prevent the spontaneous change in their position. If sewer drainage runs along the wall and it prevents a of the pillars, it is completely lifted up, and the module is fixed in the extra point through the hole in the lower reinforcing rib. When the module must be mounted to a wall, involve all addressed to her mounting holes – both mounting pads and the two angular profile. If the angle between the walls is not equal to 90 degrees, mounting pads unbend, for a close fit to the surface.

B

Two other series – Visign for Style and Visign for More – were released in the past year, and immediately attracted the attention of specialists. The first are made of plastic, the latter – chromed metal, some of them – with the use of glass.



Fundam home

Let us first examine in detail what this pier foundation tees.

Does it make sense extension at the bottom of the column? In my opinion – no. Bearing capacity of clay soil – 3-5 kg/cm2. Ie without the pile at the bottom with a diameter of 20-25 cm has an area of??approx. 400 cm2 and is capable of carrying the load of 1500 kg. Pile with the expansion of the bottom 50 cm in diameter have to be capable of carrying 6, 000 lbs. It would seem that there is a win, and even quadruple! And the piles can be drilled home less often and to build more.

At a forum on construction as a serious dispute broke out, the alleged advantages of the columnar yew foundation. Tees – is a company that produces special excavation drills that make the bottom of the hole a special cone extension.

This is expected to expand on the one hand increases the area of?? bearing pier foundation (overcut 2-fold increase in the reference area 4 times). On the other hand, in the case of heaving soils, like clay, this extension serves as a anchor, the anchor that prevents the expulsion of the column of soil and slope.

And this expansion is recommended to lower the freezing point of soil, ie at a depth of 1.5 meters and below (for the middle zone of European part of Russia). In addition, all posts tied together with special concrete beams – grillage.

I am neither enemy nor a supporter of this method of construction of the foundation, but merely suggest that to understand whether or not worth it and if there are other ways to “neutralize” heaving soils and build a simple, cheap and yet reliable foundation.

If you do well at the bottom of the expansion to 50 cm, it will add about 1 m3 of concrete, but severely complicate the device well. Foundation bearing capacity will increase to 150 tons.

This would be true if no need to make a powerful grillage connecting these piles together in one rigid structure. And the more savings on stilts, the greater must be this grillage.

But you can secure it and the other is much more simple methods. For example, by constructing high-quality drainage of the foundation. Then on this basis simply will not work any destructive force. And no one will not have to win.

It now remains to solve the problem of heaving soils and protect them from our wonderful band melkozaglublenny such a foundation.

This is done by constructing high-quality drainage of the foundation. After the trench for the foundation is ready, you should drill a few drainage holes at the maximum depth of not less than the depth of frost penetration. The distance between holes 2-3 meters. Down-hole drain and fill a large clean gravel or crushed stone. Instead, the pipe can be used “stocking” of a nonwoven material negniyuschego such agrila, fiberglass, polypropylene.

Then at the bottom of the trench in the drain hole is poured a layer of gravel. In the intervals between the holes can be filled sand, which is carefully rams. Then on top of sand and gravel is poured. After that, all poured concrete (with reinforcement).

So we made a tape melkozaglublenny basement, protected from the heaving of clay soils. The same gravel trap can be made to an existing foundation with its outer side.

Should we conclude from this that the pier foundation does not make sense? Of course not.

Pier foundation is good, where it erected on design is a very light frame type construction. A grillage role does the actual frame structure. In this case, do not need any tricks to gain the bar at the bottom of the well, its carrying capacity and it will be enough.

But if there is work to gain the columns and placing grillage – it is better not to spend the time and money, and go directly to the strip footing.

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Base unit and classification

The device is the foundation or the elements – is primarily a base (the surface of contact with the ground), trim the base (upper parts of the building with the ground) and the body of the foundation. The foundation may be classified by material production – is rubble, rubble concrete, concrete and reinforced concrete. By way of manufacturing – is modular and monolithic foundation. As well as the type of work or construction – pile, a solid, columnar and strip foundations. The most widely used in current technology foundation – this strip foundations and columnar. Columnar used, usually in the construction of buildings with a light carrier component and do not require high costs.

The most common – is the foundation of ribbon used in the construction of virtually any building, including versions with very heavy walls. The foundation of wooden houses are usually buried shallow, but a stone house band must be recessed below the freezing depth.

Tape melkozaglublenny foundation.

Tape melkozaglublenny foundation is a concrete structure, which is the perimeter of the future house. The construction of this foundation is to create a trench, a sand cushion device, setting the formwork, reinforcement, pouring concrete.

Pile foundation

Pile foundation has the advantage of building on unstable soils. This base is used mainly for large and heavy structures. To transfer the load from the building to the ground using a pile. The foundation consists of piles and grillage uniting them

Solid foundation slab

The main advantage over other foundations, is its ability to perform in areas with high water table and unstable soils, due to the small and large burial area of??support. This foundation is used for all types of homes and a variety of grounds, ranging from ready-light to heavy shield and stone houses. The only difference in the thickness of the slab, the reinforcement scheme and add ribs.



Walls – a supporting structure, for the calculation of sufficient strength, resistance to vertical and horizontal loads.

Vertical wall is a fence that separates the room from the external environment or from another room.

In this article we consider the basic types of walls on the nature of the material – wood and stone.

Lightweight brick wall

Lightweight brick wall in which brick is partially relieved of his unusual insulating function by replacing the thermal conductivity of masonry materials, however, can significantly reduce the consumption of bricks, thereby increasing the cost of the material.

Frame walls

Frame walls require less wood than log or cobbled walls, are less labor intensive, therefore more economical.

Base frame walls is carrying a wooden frame, leather on both sides of leaf, or molded materials. Frame walls, due to its lightness, almost no shrinkage, allowing bind or coat them immediately after construction.

To make the frame exterior and interior walls using 50 mm thick boards, as well as devices for rafters and beams. With a thickness of 50 mm rack bearing walls is recommended to use a minimum width of 100 mm.

Supporting rack frame is placed on a distance of 0.5 m, linking with the size of window and door openings. Basement joists have overlapping at a distance of 0.5 m. The corner posts carry the frame of beams or composite boards, and the rank and file of the boards 50×100, 60×120 mm or.

Warming frame walls is carried out with mineral and organic materials with density up to 500-600 kg / m Mineral, steklovatnye plates, polystyrene insulators are effective today, because different fire resistance, ease, do not rot, impact and penetration bacteria, fungi, rodents are not destroyed. Organic insulation exposed to the destruction of rodents, combustible, rot, except that, before backfilling they must be handled with antiseptic and mixed before use with a mineral binder – cement, lime, gypsum, and then lay in the wet state layers 15-20 cm, utrambovyvaya. It dries so filling in for 4-5 weeks, so you should fill the frame to apply ready-made slabs and blocks of lightweight concrete. Materials for filling are: pumice, sawdust, gilak, shavings, peat, etc., which are largely inferior to their properties with modern mineral insulation.

Wooden wall

Wooden houses are built no higher than two floors.

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Fire and major frame walls with brick cladding increases with.

Brick walls with insulation of insulated panels

After laying the stones in the wall voids of average climatic conditions and the northern regions should fall asleep slag maloteploprovodnym material, because at larger sizes of voids in which there is air circulation, increasing the thermal conductivity of the wall. Filling voids maloprovodnymi materials increases the complexity of masonry.

Shield Wall

Wall panels are made inside and outside, which, in turn, are subdivided into deaf, window and door. Height is the height of billboards floor width assumed to be 600-1200 mm. Shields consist of Pavestone trim and cladding, internal and external, which is placed between the heater.

As the insulation panels are used mattresses from rockwool. By lining the inside of the shield is placed a vapor barrier to prevent formation of condensation of water vapor inside the shield, penetrate into it from the premises.

Boards arranged vertically and connected with nails. When designing joints between boards must provide sufficient density and air flow through the junction.

In the junction lay rockwool 20 mm thick, sticking his cold asphalt mastic. Then, using a lever device produces compression of the joint.

When the device ground and Extrusion nodes must be taken to protect them from freezing by constructing insulated basement and insulated from the cornice frieze zone, as well as moisture vapor from the indoor air moisture by having a vapor barrier for this purpose. Under the basement ceiling insulated underground is not do. Underground to be cool and well ventilated, and the construction of the underground floors and especially the basement unit must have a reliable insulation and vapor barriers, stacked on top of net floor under construction. For freeze protection at the level of overlap on the outside are insulated suit.

Pavestone wall

Application of the boards makes it possible to eliminate manual processing of logs, cabin mates corners, junctions of walls and move to mechanized harvesting of the wall elements.

Wall logs are gathered at the factory with all vrubkami for mates and nests for the thorns. In contrast to the log, cobbled walls ready to gather at once foundations.

Section beams for exterior walls shall 150×150 mm and 180h180 mm. Depending on weather conditions, for interior walls – 100×150 mm 100h180 mm. For better drainage of water from the horizontal seam between the bars at the top edges of the front of timber chamfer 20×20 mm.

Protecting cobbled walls

Effective protection cobbled walls from weathering is the planking or lining of brick, which protects walls from moisture, heat protection increases, reduces the effects of wind, at a brick wall covering fire increases.

Chopped log walls

Each row of logs in the wall called the crown. First bottom crown is called the accountant, it is done at 2-3 cm thicker than the others crowns.

Crowns are placed alternately butt in different directions and connected by vertically along the length of the ridge, and the joints of the wall rims for height have vrazbezhku.

Crowns laid down a groove, thereby eliminating the possibility of wicking water into it.

In the corners of the building mate vrubkoy crowns with remainder in a bowl or without a trace – in the leg. In the method of coupling rims at the corners in the leg, that is, without a trace, the wood is consumed to a lesser extent, so this method is more appropriate.

Crowning cornice

Inner ends of the concrete slabs cover the teams of the longitudinal reinforced concrete beams that are attached to masonry with it clamped steel anchors, with the help of which ensure the stability of the cornice.

Stone walls

In the heterogeneous, lightweight walls of brickwork replaced by thick walls with thermal insulation tiles and an air gap.

When the construction of the brick walls of masonry used two systems: two rows – and six-row chain Stretcher bond.

Stretcher bond

Masonry in six-row system is simpler than on two-lane.



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