Archive for the 'House of foam blocks' Category

As for the disadvantages of a frame house, they all dealt mainly with quality materials and are now virtually eliminated.

Different types of modern roofing materials, including soft roof, concrete roof tiles.

These panels are easily treatable, so the device of any openings in the room is easy. You can also use standard wood-frame walls filled with sound insulation material inside.

Next panel mounted, they are interconnected locks “thorn-groove”. Since the panels are made in the factory, connections are made with high accuracy. Where small voids are formed, they are filled with sealant assembly.

Between wall panels and floor panels must leave a gap (this is done to compensate for temperature fluctuations).

Begin installation of wall panels – a corner of a frame house. The first wall panel is installed on a level surface with a tolerance of no more than 1-1.5 mm. Connection of the second corner panel with the first one-anodized screws screws, joint must also be sealed. Two people is enough to build the corner panels. The lower groove wall panel is put on the timber strapping, fastening with screws made.

The design of the walls allows for virtually any type of interior finish. Interior walls, for example, can be finished with cement particle board, plasterboard. Finishing of floor covering can be of any type.

Floor slabs are stacked on already established and tie the timbers of the first floor wall panels. Consolidation is performed with screws. Then set bar “mauerlat” on the sides, which will build the rafters. These sites, such as gables, manufactured at the plant, with ready-made window and door openings.

Smooth surface allows for stacking plates of any of the roofing materials fairly easily and quickly. Main materials used for roofing – metal and soft tile.

Once completed installation work on the construction of the house, install plastic windows with double glazing. All the subsequent stages of work can be performed independently of each other.

Plumbing is installed in frame houses on the same principle as an electrician. Route pipes within the house is in interior walls. Product might be warm floors – as electric and water. For ventilation, water supply and sanitation provision is a special shaft.

The choice of materials

Solid Foundation is the foundation of a lasting home. The depth of laying the foundation and material depend on the bearing capacity of soil, depth of freezing, the water table and the estimated load on the foundation. Frame house a few times lighter than brick, so it does not require massive foundation. It may be lightweight, with a depth of 30-40 cm of laying order for soil under the foundation does not freeze, use modern insulation (eg, rock wool insulating surface layer of soil). In addition, you can arrange malozaglublennye foundations on layered cushion (bottom to top layers – sand, non-woven material, granite rubble of a large fraction). All this greatly reduces labor costs and, consequently, the cost of the foundation.

In order to avoid wetting insulation and wooden frame fumes inside the house, and vapor control layer is provided. The panels are made in the factory and on site house only mounted. This work may carry a team of several people, with no need for expensive construction equipment.

For interior decoration – wood paneling, drywall, paneling, decorative wall coverings, tiles, wallpaper, paint. Since the frame houses are not subject to shrinkage, the finishing work can begin immediately after the completed installation of basic structures.

Modern materials are used in the manufacture of panels for the frame-panel houses, can significantly reduce the cost of the heating system. For thermal insulation is generally used rockwool slabs or special out of it. 150 mm layer of insulation ensures year-round comfort in central Russia – will keep heat inside in winter and cool in summer. For areas with harsh climates need more substantial protection, for example, more than 200 mm.

Today, construction of a private home is an expensive and time-consuming, so many simply refuse such plans, believing that their implementation is in principle impossible.

Frame construction technology is now one of the most popular for maloetazhek: since being built about 80% of homes around the world.

Construction Technology

There are various types of construction of frame houses. For example, the platform frame is the most common and convenient. Its principal feature – Floor construction. On the ceiling the floor (to the level of crude), which are collected in the first place, it is possible to assemble the frame walls, and it is also used as a base for mounting the wall panels.

After the Second World War greatly increased the flow of migrants to Canada and the U.S., it became necessary to provide them with housing.

House can be assembled from prefabricated panels (frame-panel technology).



Paint for interior work must be safe, quick, with no noxious fumes

Color housing can be inside and out, you just need to remember that the facade and interior materials are significantly different from each other on the properties and composition.

By the same coatings used in the interior must meet the different requirements. First of all, paint for interior work must be safe for human health and animals. In addition, it is desirable that they were drying quickly, had no odor, are easy to applying to the ceilings and walls, and do not require special skills and equipment.

In these conditions fully meet the water-dispersion paints. In waterborne paints film former – the particles of different polymers.

M olekuly polymer in its structure similar to the long chains, and the “links” that chain may be the same, and different.

In addition, the silicone resins are well mixed with acrylates, so they are sometimes introduced into the acrylic paints for making them hydrophobic (water-repellent properties). These colors are called siliconized.

Paints for walls and ceilings

Walls – much more accessible area than ceilings. Accordingly to paint for the walls of considerable requirements.

Paints for children’s rooms

The children’s rooms is desirable materials that allow at least 5, 000 passes. General, matt has a lower resistance as compared with semi-matt and semi-gloss paint all the more of the same brand. In nurseries regularly dry cleaning, so the painted surface must withstand repeated washing.

It is desirable that the walls in the rooms easily washed from the children’s “Art”. Paints for wet areas

On the one hand, paints for wet areas should have a high moisture resistance, and on the other – to prevent the emergence and development of mold and mildew. Here they form coatings are characterized by an optimal ratio of water resistance, vapor and gas permeability. The second indicator is determined by the chemical nature of the film-forming substances, and the concentration and type of preservative used drugs (biocide), preventing the defeat of the paint film.

Wall colors

Consumption. That value is determined by the opacity of ink, and hence its profitability.

Decorative properties of the coating. Most paints for walls designed for tinting – hand or machine. Machine coloring guarantee an exact match with the desired color obtained. But the manual makes a routine process of tinting an element of creativity, saves time and money.

Color saturation obtained depends on the content of the paint white pigment: its more than, the more “relaxed” get color – but if a white pigment in paint starting small, the selected color will be cheerfully bright.

Ceiling Paint

Color. Ideal white ceilings – the optimal solution for small spaces, requiring at least a visual expansion. O color paint pigments and fillers impart. Classic pigment, a coloring product in white – titanium dioxide (TiO2) exists in two crystalline forms (allotropic modifications) – rutile and anatase. Fillers for paints are powdered chalk or marble.

Women who followed behind him, is well known to one trick – the face, powdered matte powder, looks younger, and is to appear wet shine, as clearly visible wrinkles, especially in bright light. This is why you should choose matte ceiling paint.

Before proceeding to the staining of the surface must be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease and moisture

Surface Preparation

First of all, the surface should be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease, and loose fragments of the old paint. The thoroughness of cleaning – a guarantee of durability of the coating! Sometimes it is enough to clean the scraper and a damp cloth, in more complicated cases use special tools – degreasing and washing.

Further refined base primed. Primer layer enhances the grinding surface and improves adhesion of subsequent layers of paint to the substrate. In addition, it limits the absorption of expensive paint to the surface and thus provides considerable savings. The primer can be applied to both the old and the new, never been subjected to surface staining.

In order to combat fungi and algae, and prevent their subsequent appearance, the surfaces intended for painting, are treated with special products containing biocides.



At the base of the foundation should be packed continental soil and its depth of burial can not well be less than 40 70 cm layer of sediments to reduce the relatively loose soil, lies directly under the foundation, it is recommended to replace the more dense and therefore less compressible. In this case, make a bed of coarse or medium sand without clay inclusions. Compacted sand covered with rammers.

The ground water level and chemical composition.

The ground water level depends primarily on the variety of soils. For example, for the Moscow region is typical of loam. It differs in low permeability and non-uniform depth of the aquifer. Quaintness underground “landscape” makes precede any construction holding hydrogeological investigations. If the zone of capillary rise would be any obstacle (eg, concrete foundation built cottage), groundwater sources will wash it. Spring melting of snow and ice, summer rain, a fine autumn rain, so dear poet’s heart – all this creates an additional risk of flooding of the cottage.

If the groundwater level is high and they capture the depth of freezing, there may be two ways out of this situation:

Take this into consideration when choosing a reliable version of the foundation, regardless of the increase in estimates for construction;

Carry out works, providing a guaranteed reduction in groundwater levels

When designing the foundation it is desirable to take into account such important factors as the chemical composition of groundwater. The most aggressive environment creates a water with high sulfate content, the impact of which lead to the destruction of the concrete. Began the process of destruction can easily be identified by the appearance on the surface of the concrete coating of white plaster, and then – on the formation of delamination (as after freezing). To work in hostile environments of this type should be used sulphate cement. Often at individual structural elements of the house are the white spots of the crystalline form – the so-called efflorescence. Salt haze not only spoils the appearance of the facilities, but also suggest that circulates in the construction of the moisture penetration, for example, from the ground.

By way of support on the ground the main types of foundations are four:

Strip foundations

slab foundation

pile foundation

pier foundation

Foundation for light structures

As a foundation for light structures are recommended MZ-MP20 – Band monolithic grillage 200h300mm, device monolithic grillage at the site of the slope is not possible, therefore, the foundation base is used as the foundation for the greenhouses, the foundation for the fences, the foundation for a toilet and shower on the flat areas.

Another option is the foundation for light structures MZ-M20-20 – melkozaglublenny band monolithic foundation 200h500mm size. This design is reliable to the vertical displacements due to buried. This is a solid foundation for the terraces, the foundation for arbors, the foundation for the garage, even if the construction is on a site with some bias.

Finally, a stronger version of the foundation for light structures – MZ-MU40-20 – monolithic reinforced tape melkozaglublenny foundation size 400h200mm + 200h300mm as the foundation for the panel house, the foundation for households. block, the foundation for a garden home, built in areas with a slope of more than 5 degrees and non-cohesive grounds.

Foundation for a bath made of wood

A simple foundation for light houses can serve MZ-MR30 – melkozaglublenny band monolithic grillage 300h400mm. This design is optimal as the foundation for a wooden house from a bar of thickness up to 150mm, can serve as the foundation for a wooden bath in areas with flat topography.

More rugged construction – MZ-M30-20 – melkozaglublenny ribbon solid foundation 300h600mm. Grillage in this embodiment, deepens to 20cm, so the plot may be a small bias (up to 5 degrees). This is the best option for the foundation of lumber at home, the foundation for a bath or a bath-house of logs, the foundation of a log home for manual felling of logs with a diameter up to 300mm.

If there is no certainty in the soil at the site, you can lay the foundation design MZ-MU60-20 – monolithic reinforced tape melkozaglublenny foundation 600h200mm + 300h400mm. This is a good foundation for a bath out of a log on the site with a slope of more than 5 degrees.



Shutters – the traditional method of protecting windows cottages

Shutters – a traditional, simple and reliable way to protect windows, however, it is suitable primarily for country houses. Unlike pradedovskih designs, modern shutters are generally metal. Shutters slightly more expensive than simple lattices, but reliable, completely cover the window opening and protect from intrusion, but also of breaking glass.

Do not forget one thing: if you close these bars absolutely all window openings in case of fire, the tenants at risk of being cut off from the path of salvation. Therefore, it is desirable to install at least one swing bars, locked to an internal lock. In an emergency, it will be a window through an emergency evacuation. Just make sure that the key to the castle was always next to the window, look for it in an emergency will not have time.

Tricks Installation

N pu invoice installation of shutters, as it were “framed” the gap – the guides are mounted on both sides of the opening, and box mounted on it. Overlay assembly is desirable to carry out before facing facade. In this case, you can even decorate box and hide the guides (in urban apartment buildings that, unfortunately, is impossible).

«Smart” windows

There are several ways to control shutters. Let us call them conventional “manual” “automatic” and “combined”.

Combination options that involve duplication of automation manual, more suited to the cottages. This safety net is justified, given that the electricity in the country sometimes there are interruptions. To control shutters has become more simple and comfortable, you can equip them with all sorts of extras. For example, a timer, which will give the command to close or open windows in a given time.

There is a so-called anti-theft accessories. Window, equipped with standard accessories, opened a professional with little or no traces of tampering. Usual set of accessories now has three such pins. Also included is an anti-theft striking plate.

K static, electric roller system is often associated with fire detectors. At operation of a sensor rollers are lifted, giving way to people and letting the smoke.

To clean shutters, experts recommend using a soft cloth and non-aggressive cleaning solutions.

Buying Shutters (even the most solid – steel or aluminum seamless), you must understand that their role is primarily to ensure that scare the attacker, to make him change his mind to go into your home. And if he still climbs, to create the maximum amount of his problems as noise, grind, etc. But, nevertheless, shutters – is not an iron door. Therefore, mechanical means of protection, which include shutters, it is desirable to add alarms, CCTV systems etc. Especially if the house is really there to steal.

Modern window protects us from the dust, noise, dust and drafts. But, unfortunately, it is not always able to protect the house from evil people – simply put, thieves and robbers. How to save the window and what is behind it? The easiest way – to protect it with a lattice – an ordinary, or “compound.” You can also use the shutters (not like my grandmother in the countryside, and modern). And finally, the most progressive solution is the installation of shutters.



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How to make “round window”

H a timeline imps right path, and it can be quite complex and have a few twists. Then, the contour line is fixed suction pads (the ones that are usually used for transporting and assembling the glass). Formed on the perimeter of the conductor derevoplastikovy spread, reminiscent of a toy snake or a bicycle chain.

According to experts, the best material for the manufacture of window frames with nonlinear elements is PVC profile. In this case, do not need a special expensive equipment and bending elements of the window assembly occurs before our eyes.

In recent years all over the world become increasingly popular at home, having a cylindrical shape or a polyhedron.

Windows to “convex” walls

«Today is the most common solution was – says Leo Minullin, director of advancement Group of Companies” Propleks. ” – Windows, in this case is made of small linear segments joined at an angle. There were times when installers linking the sizes up to 25 items glazing on each floor, with no significant rise in construction ».

According to the author’s theory of “Architecture of the noosphere” Vitaly Grebneva, unquestionable advantage of round houses is their high strength. Thus, the cylindrical shape allows almost no use in the construction of valves and at the same time build very tall buildings. For example, the British company was recently proposed Popularchitecture project a 500-story skyscraper New Town Tower height of 1.5 kilometers. This should not even be home, and a vertical neighborhood with built-in shop, hairdresser, service enterprises, entertainment centers and even movie theaters. In the case of the successful implementation of this project will provide affordable housing to 100 thousand Londoners.

What to look for

According to the experts, subject to the technological requirements of PVC windows have the same operating parameters, regardless of its shape and features of the building. There are cases when some firms take up the manufacture of windows, without going into particular geometry of the building. The result is a product unfit for use. For example, improperly manufactured picture window can “sag”, etc. To avoid this, be sure to ask the practical experience of the company in the production of window systems for non-standard buildings.

Modern possibilities of the construction industry can realize when building a house almost any fantasy. Guarantee the competence of specialists and the quality of its work can serve as a certificate issued by the manufacturer of window profiles used for the production of translucent structures. For example, some companies are using certification practice partners. Receipt of the document is preceded by a thorough audit of the production of a window company. If necessary for its specialists are training and certification.

An experienced producer will always be guided by these restrictions.

Manufacturing process windows of irregular shape imposes certain restrictions on their parameters. Thus, in contrast to the rectilinear frame curved element can not be strengthened reinforcement (steel insert inside the profile). In general, the arch will be proportional to the size and diameter required if its height does not exceed half the width of the window.



How did this happen?

Your policy is simple: to you leaves the agent examines and evaluates the object. At the moment, many companies offer a “lite” version of the treaty, which is only by description, photos of the property and a certificate of ownership. This is possible only if the insurance inexpensive objects with a maximum amount of damage cover 1 million rubles (”Rosgosstrakh” thus insuring new buildings worth 10 million rubles).

Not only the house

Modern family houses – a full house for permanent residence. From the cottages, they are not only thoroughly, but first-class and domestic equipment. Interior, furniture, household appliances may cost more than the house itself. It is quite understandable desire to insure the owners and the property. To be safe, the interior should be given a contract with a company that was doing repairs, or other proof of expenses, such as checks. Insurance antiques, art objects and jewelry made only upon presentation of documents on an assessment conducted by a licensed technician. You can also insure the bath, garage, benches, bridges, fountains, sculptures and even fences – but only together with the main object of insurance – apartment building.

His Majesty the case

Specialist opinion

Why do I need insurance of property, devised many ways to protect it?

Help

What is included in the cost of insurance (premium)? Insurance cottage, usually of 0.3-1% of the amount of coverage – the maximum amount of money to be paid when the insured event. The insurance premium depends on a set of risks. Greater probability of the insured event, the more expensive cost coverage. For example, wood houses are burning more than stone, and old buildings from deterioration over 50% of threatened trouble posting, in violation of operation of all systems, and other troubles.

In general, the insurance contract is for one year, but it is possible and a shorter period.

Country-house insurance will ensure the safety of your estate and your peace of mind

If the object of insurance acts as country house, the greatest danger that threatens him, – a fire. It is this risk is paramount in all insurance products.



Today, construction of a private home is an expensive and time-consuming, so many simply refuse such plans, believing that their implementation is in principle impossible. However, besides the classical buildings of wood and brick, there are other options – much cheaper, more modern and accessible. In particular, the construction of frame houses using Canadian technology.

As for the disadvantages of a frame house, they all dealt mainly with quality materials and are now virtually eliminated.

Applied today in frame houses of stone wool slabs themselves can be used as a fire barrier (stone wool can withstand temperatures up to 1000 ° C) and do not shrink during the life of the building. As for the environmental, suffice it to say that stone wool is made from natural stone – natural rock and stone wool known Danish company ROCKWOOL became Russia’s first insulating and will not only get all the required certificates, but also a sign of ecological safety EsoMaterial Green.

For interior decoration – wood paneling, drywall, paneling, decorative wall coverings, tiles, wallpaper, paint. In general, the technology of building frame houses provides for a perfectly flat surface for high-quality interior trim. Since the frame houses are not subject to shrinkage, the finishing work can begin immediately after the completed installation of basic structures.

Construction Technology

On the ceiling the floor (to the level of crude), which are collected in the first place, it is possible to assemble the frame walls, and it is also used as a base for mounting the wall panels.

A distinctive feature of the frame with clearance racks – the continuity of vertical pillars extending through floor slabs. At the top of them holds the harness, which supports the roof. This type of design is conservative in the sense that to make any changes to the layout of the house, in this case is more complicated than in the platform version of the framework.

Construction of the house begins to consolidate on the foundations of a wooden beam, which had previously been treated with antiseptic. This bar is also a strapping circuit necessary for installation of panels. Timber attached to the foundation with anchor bolts.

Next panel mounted, they are interconnected locks “thorn-groove”. Since the panels are made in the factory, connections are made with high accuracy. Where small voids are formed, they are filled with sealant assembly.

Floor slabs laid on the foundation, are flat, solid platform. To make the waterproofing, the underside of the plate covered with a layer of mastic asphalt at the factory.

Begin installation of wall panels – a corner of a frame house. Two people is enough to build the corner panels. The lower groove wall panel is put on the timber strapping, fastening with screws made. Installation of wall panels with the finished window and door openings is as solid and wall panels.

The design of the walls allows for virtually any type of interior finish. Interior walls, for example, can be finished with cement particle board, plasterboard. Finishing of floor covering can be of any type.

Floor slabs are stacked on already established and tie the timbers of the first floor wall panels. Consolidation is performed with screws. Then set bar

When mounting roof panels is complete, the surface of the roof waterproofing material is placed. Main materials used for roofing – metal and soft tile.

Plumbing is installed in frame houses on the same principle as an electrician. Communications of the ground floor are laid, depending on how the floor is installed. If there is no basement, they are placed directly in the ground. Route pipes within the house is in interior walls. Product might be warm floors – as electric and water. For ventilation, water supply and sanitation provision is a special shaft.

House, built by the Canadian technology, proven themselves in terms of comfort, durability and reliability throughout the world.

The design of the roof frame house is no different from that used in the construction of individual houses from any other material. We can use traditional materials and – roofing iron, etc. Internal partitions in the house can be assembled from the same material as the exterior panels (thickness of slightly less than the exterior).

After the Second World War greatly increased the flow of migrants to Canada and the U.S., it became necessary to provide them with housing.

So the buildings constructed on frame technology, called “Canadian”, but it is in this case, the method of construction, rather than on territorial jurisdiction. The technology – a division of the carrier envelope and insulating functions between different materials. House can be assembled from prefabricated panels (frame-panel technology).

A distinctive feature of frame-panel houses are special insulating panel. They have a low weight, high strength, and most importantly – low thermal conductivity. Modern materials are used in the manufacture of panels for the frame-panel houses, can significantly reduce the cost of the heating system. For areas with harsh climates need more substantial protection, for example, more than 200 mm.

The choice of materials

The depth of laying the foundation and material depend on the bearing capacity of soil, depth of freezing, the water table and the estimated load on the foundation. Frame house a few times lighter than brick, so it does not require massive foundation.

It is worth noting another important property of frame-panel houses: the use of non-combustible rock wool and special additives for coating panels reduces the fire risk to a minimum.

In order to avoid wetting insulation and wooden frame fumes inside the house, and vapor control layer is provided. The panels are made in the factory and on site house only mounted. This work may carry a team of several people, with no need for expensive construction equipment.



The cost of building a house

Quality and cost of building a house. Estimates of construction and the real cost of building a country house.

Building a country house – a complex process that requires professional performers. Quality of construction has always been a burning issue, which is particularly exacerbated when this activity began to engage people without special training. Changed the appearance and customer The developer.

Previously, the only customer was the state simultaneously and controlled the quality of construction. Today’s private customer is not always the consequences of a decision, which he insists, but it depends on the contractor (and sometimes incompetent or dishonest) is in violation of design and manufacturing operations in order to accelerate construction, reduce its cost at the expense of quality.

Known that more than half of the detected flaws and violations of the permit performers, about one-third due to poor quality construction materials and structures, 5% – errors and errors in the draft. And only 10% – for objective reasons.

What can we say about the uncontrolled “samostroy” country houses with the help of hired laborers or young construction firms, have neither the experience nor the base or even an experienced specialist. The purpose of these companies – to keep up with the short construction season run as much as possible construction.

In the discussion of the cost of the upcoming construction of the house the main emphasis is not on the types and volumes of work, their organization and technology, and money. Private customers not being able to build a relationship with a contractor (or working) on??a competent technical level, are doomed to an overpayment.

Work to ensure quality construction, just like any other, requires a cost. The message is clear: the private customer – the consumer of construction services – requires a system of legal and technical support. The Civil Code provides for art. 749, which regulates the participation of engineers in the implementation of rights and obligations of owner-builder. This specialist may be invited by the customer or at the time of construction, or for the acceptance of individual stages of work, as well as to resolve disputes between the contractor and the contractor as a construction lawyer.



Aluminum radiators – the most powerful heaters, and thus in the 90s of last century, they quickly began to fight for his place of traditional cast iron radiators and convectors Russians in their homes.

Another branch of heaters was bimetal radiator.

In the 18 years of experience in the market “Santehcomplect” studied all the ways in which modern industry develops heat. Y formed holding partnerships with leading manufacturers of modern radiators.

For more than 150 years of operation, the cast iron radiators became apparent their drawbacks: they are very heavy, inconvenient to install because their hot surfaces of the traumatic, they have great inertia, and therefore can not be completely adjusted. In addition to all their design is clearly out of date, as, indeed, design and convectors.

In Russian latitudes heat in the house, not only of modern standards of living, along with plumbing, electricity and sanitation.

Not for nothing with the invention of a new unit – radiator, or, as they said, the heating battery – its presence in the house was a sign of innovation in the field of engineering systems, a symbol of wealth and success of the homeowner.

A new stage in the development of heating devices come in the late XX century, when large-scale construction began to implement in the heating coil. Convectors were cheaper to produce than cast iron radiators, and were originally based on a principle of heat transfer. Outer surface of the convector, unlike cast iron radiator warms not so strong and so is more secure because of the cast-iron radiator in the winter it is easy to get burned.

In the bimetallic radiator OGINT Model M Series steel tubes are installed in both vertical and horizontal collectors, which completely eliminates contact with aluminum coolant. To improve the reliability of cross-sectional design used a special pair, the so-called “the Click”, the connection with silicone gaskets o-ring (o-ring). Is not it a perfect combination of qualities for a leader?

When creating his own brand of radiators OGINT priority was chosen reliability, as reflected in its motto: respect to reliability.

At the end of the last century, it became possible to import code heaters from abroad, in Russia, represented by all the different radiators and convectors from international experience of their production. Not all manufacturers have been able to adapt to the peculiarities of our market, and not all devices liked and settled down with us.

For example, when running the heating system is crimping – the control system pressure.



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